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Dobie Moore

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Moore at the 1924 Negro League World Series.

Walter Moore (The Black Cat)

  • Bats Right ; Throws Right
  • Height 5'11" ; Weight 230 lb.
  • Born Between 1893 and 1896, probably in Atlanta, GA USA
  • Died after 1943

Contents

Early Life and Playing Career

Dobie Moore was a Negro League shortstop and right-handed hitter who played his entire Negro Leagues career with the Kansas City Monarchs. His career was ended abruptly by an off-field injury in the middle of his seventh season.

Birth and death information for Moore have been very hard to track down; numerous sources have listed dates that have been proven to be incorrect upon review. He served in the Army and played third base for the Twenty-Fifth Infantry Wreckers from 1916 to 1920 (approximately ages 20 to 24), along with Bullet Rogan, Heavy Johnson, Lem Hawkins, Bob Fagan, and possibly other future Negro Leaguers. He went from the Wreckers directly to the Monarchs in mid-season 1920, where he was the league's top shortstop until his career ended. At 5'11" and 230 pounds, he was considered one of the best-fielding short stops in the Negro Leagues, and hit for a .346 lifetime batting average with better than average power and speed.

Nicknamed "the Black Cat", Moore helped the Monarchs to three league titles (1923, 1924, and 1925), and one Colored World Series title in 1924. He batted .300 in the 1924 Series and .364 in a losing cause in the 1925 Series. The loss of his services in 1926 following the leg injury was blamed by Negro sports writers for the team's inability to repeat in 1926. He had the highest lifetime batting average (.385) in the California Winter League, which was the first integrated league in the United States, and starred in the 1923-24 Cuban Winter League in his only season there.

End of career, aftermath, and analysis

Moore's Negro Leagues playing career ended on the night of May 18 1926 when he was shot in the lower leg by a female neighbor after a game and suffered a compound fracture to his left tibia after either jumping from a terrace or balcony to escape further shots. Contemporary news stories said he was shot when mistaken for a burglar, though later stories surfaced that he was shot during a lovers' quarrel. The leg healed badly, and he was unable to resume his Negro Leagues career. He reportedly later lived in Detroit and played semi-pro ball there as a stiff-legged first baseman into the 1930s.

It is unknown when or where Moore died. The last definite account of him was 1943, when a photograph of him appeared in the Chicago Defender; in the 1940s and '50s, he periodically received passing mention in the Negro press, but without definitive word as to whether he was still living.

Moore was considered by many black sportswriters as the best shortstop of his day, playing most of his career in a time when John Henry Lloyd was past his prime, Willie Wells had not yet fully established his reputation, and Moore was considered a superior hitter to Dick Lundy. However, his career is difficult to assess, primarily due to its short length. Moore played full time from 1916 to 1919 (with a partial season in 1920) with the Twenty-Fifth Infantry Wreckers before the founding of the NNL, mostly at third base, and received much less news coverage with the Hawaii-based Army team than he did playing in the organized Negro Leagues. He was in or near his prime at the time of his career-ending injury. Nevertheless, he is considered by some analysts to have been one of the five best shortstops (along with Lloyd, Wells, Lundy, and Home Run Johnson) in Negro Leagues history.

He was nominated and considered for the Hall of Fame in 2006, but fell short of the needed 75% affirmative vote.

Career Statistics

Negro Leagues

Year Team League G AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB BB BA SLG
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1920 Kansas City NNL 48 190 37 63 10 4 2 31 4 13 .332 .458
1921 Kansas City NNL 64 244 46 79 21 7 8 56 8 11 .324 .566
1922 Kansas City NNL 77 329 69 127 24 3 7 63 16 16 .386 .541
1923 Kansas City NNL 94 378 70 138 22 9 8 79 10 21 .365 .534
1924 Kansas City NNL 85 339 72 118 22 9 8 54 5 24 .348 .516
1925 Kansas City NNL 87 357 59 110 19 14 5 19 12 19 .308 .482
1926 Kansas City NNL 15 53 10 22 3 3 0 6 1 10 .415 .585
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Totals 7 seasons 470 1890 363 657 119 51 35 308 56 114 .348 .520
per 162 g 2.90 162 651 125 226 41 18 12 106 19 39 .348 .520

Sources: Seamheads.com, Committee on African-American Baseball

Winter Leagues

Year Team League G AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB BB BA SLG
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1920-21 Los Angeles White Sox California 34 139 -- 46 7 7 1 -- -- -- .331 .504
1921-22 Colored All-Stars California 22 80 -- 22 4 4 0 -- -- -- .275 .425
1923-24 Santa Clara Cuban -- 184 28 71 9 6 1 -- -- -- .386 .516
1924 Santa Clara
(Gran Premio)
Cuban -- 97 10 29 -- -- -- -- 1 -- .299 ---
1924-25 Los Angeles White Sox California 40 158 -- 77 17 4 12 -- -- -- .487 .873
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Totals 5 seasons 658 245 37 19 14 .372 .550

Sources: McNeil (California) and Figueredo (Cuban)

References

  • "Dobie Moore", Baseball Research Journal; John Holway (1982)
  • Biographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Leagues; James Riley (1st edition, 1994; addendum in 2nd edition, 2001)
  • Monarchs 1920-1938; The, Phil Dixon (2001)
  • Complete Book of Baseball’s Negro Leagues, The; John Holway (2001)
  • California Winter League, The; William F. McNeil (2002)
  • Cuban Baseball, a Statistical History, 1878-1961; Jorge Figueredo (2003)
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