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Cy Young Award

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The Cy Young Award is given to the most outstanding pitcher in each league of Major League Baseball. The award was introduced in 1956 by Commissioner Ford Frick and approved by the Baseball Writers Association of America. The award is named in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young who died a year earlier in 1955.

Contents

[edit] History

The award was originally shared between the American and National Leagues. In 1967, two years after Frick retired as Commissioner, the award was given to one pitcher in each league.

Roger Clemens has won the award the most times with seven, Randy Johnson has won it five times, and Steve Carlton and Greg Maddux have each won it four times. Gaylord Perry, Pedro Martinez, Randy Johnson, Roger Clemens and Roy Halladay have won the award in both leagues. Perry and his brother Jim are the only brothers to win the award. Jim won it in 1970 while Gaylord won it twice, in 1972 and 1978.

[edit] Awarding

The award is voted on by 28 members of the BBWAA (one from each Major League city). The award has used since 1970 a weighted score system. At that time, voters cast a vote for first, second, and third place among the pitchers of each league. In 2010, they began to vote for 5 pitchers in each league. A formula is used to calculate the final scores of each picher, where:

Score = 7 * (number of first place votes) + 5 * (number of second place votes) + 3 * (number of third place votes) + 2 * (number of fourth place votes) + (number of fifth place votes)

The pitcher with the highest score in each league wins the award. If two pitchers receive the same number of votes the award is shared, however this has not occured since the current system was put into place.

Previously a one point per vote system was used but the system was scrapped after Denny McLain and Mike Cuellar tied for the American League award in 1969.

[edit] Award Winners

BOLD indicates unanimous selection

[edit] Single Award (1956-1966)

Year
voting totals
Player Team (League) Record Saves ERA
1956
MLB
Don Newcombe Brooklyn Dodgers (NL) 27-7 0 3.06
1957
MLB
Warren Spahn Milwaukee Braves (NL) 21-11 3 2.69
1958
MLB
Bob Turley New York Yankees (AL) 21-7 1 2.97
1959
MLB
Early Wynn Chicago White Sox (AL) 22-10 0 3.17
1960
MLB
Vern Law Pittsburgh Pirates (NL) 20-9 0 3.08
1961
MLB
Whitey Ford New York Yankees (AL) 25-4 0 3.21
1962
MLB
Don Drysdale Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 25-9 1 2.84
1963
MLB
Sandy Koufax Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 25-5 0 1.88
1964
MLB
Dean Chance Los Angeles Angels (AL) 20-9 4 1.65
1965
MLB
Sandy Koufax Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 26-8 2 2.04
1966
MLB
Sandy Koufax Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 27-9 0 1.73

[edit] League Awards (1967-present)

Year
voting totals
American League National League
Player Team Record Saves ERA Player Team Record Saves ERA
1967
AL NL
Jim Lonborg Boston Red Sox 22-9 0 3.16 Mike McCormick San Francisco Giants 22-10 0 2.85
1968
AL NL
Denny McLain Detroit Tigers 31-6 0 1.96 Bob Gibson St. Louis Cardinals 22-9 0 1.12
1969
AL NL
Mike Cuellar
Denny McLain
Baltimore Orioles
Detroit Tigers
23-11
24-9
0
0
2.38
2.80
Tom Seaver New York Mets 25-7 0 2.21
1970
AL NL
Jim Perry Minnesota Twins 24-12 0 3.04 Bob Gibson St. Louis Cardinals 23-7 0 3.12
1971
AL NL
Vida Blue Oakland Athletics 24-8 0 1.82 Ferguson Jenkins Chicago Cubs 24-13 0 2.77
1972
AL NL
Gaylord Perry Cleveland Indians 24-16 1 1.92 Steve Carlton Philadelphia Phillies 27-10 0 1.98
1973
AL NL
Jim Palmer Baltimore Orioles 22-9 1 2.40 Tom Seaver New York Mets 19-10 0 2.08
1974
AL NL
Catfish Hunter Oakland Athletics 25-12 0 2.49 Mike Marshall Los Angeles Dodgers 15-12 21 2.42
1975
AL NL
Jim Palmer Baltimore Orioles 23-11 1 2.09 Tom Seaver New York Mets 22-9 0 2.38
1976
AL NL
Jim Palmer Baltimore Orioles 22-13 0 2.51 Randy Jones San Diego Padres 22-14 0 2.74
1977
AL NL
Sparky Lyle New York Yankees 13-5 26 2.17 Steve Carlton Philadelphia Phillies 23-10 0 2.64
1978
AL NL
Ron Guidry New York Yankees 25-3 0 1.74 Gaylord Perry San Diego Padres 21-6 0 2.73
1979
AL NL
Mike Flanagan Baltimore Orioles 23-9 0 3.08 Bruce Sutter Chicago Cubs 6-6 37 2.22
1980
AL NL
Steve Stone Baltimore Orioles 25-7 0 3.23 Steve Carlton Philadelphia Phillies 24-9 0 2.34
1981
AL NL
Rollie Fingers Milwaukee Brewers 6-3 28 1.04 Fernando Valenzuela Los Angeles Dodgers 13-7 0 2.48
1982
AL NL
Pete Vuckovich Milwaukee Brewers 18-6 0 3.34 Steve Carlton Philadelphia Phillies 23-11 0 3.11
1983
AL NL
La Marr Hoyt Chicago White Sox 24-10 0 3.66 John Denny Philadelphia Phillies 19-6 0 2.37
1984
AL NL
Willie Hernandez Detroit Tigers 9-3 32 1.92 Rick Sutcliffe * Chicago Cubs 20-6 0 3.64
1985
AL NL
Bret Saberhagen Kansas City Royals 20-6 0 2.87 Dwight Gooden New York Mets 24-4 0 1.53
1986
AL NL
Roger Clemens Boston Red Sox 24-4 0 2.48 Mike Scott Houston Astros 18-10 0 2.22
1987
AL NL
Roger Clemens Boston Red Sox 20-9 0 2.97 Steve Bedrosian Philadelphia Phillies 5-3 40 2.83
1988
AL NL
Frank Viola Minnesota Twins 24-7 0 2.64 Orel Hershiser Los Angeles Dodgers 23-8 1 2.26
1989
AL NL
Bret Saberhagen Kansas City Royals 23-6 0 2.16 Mark Davis San Diego Padres 4-3 44 1.85
1990
AL NL
Bob Welch Oakland Athletics 27-6 0 2.95 Doug Drabek Pittsburgh Pirates 22-6 0 2.76
1991
AL NL
Roger Clemens Boston Red Sox 18-10 0 2.62 Tom Glavine Atlanta Braves 20-11 0 2.55
1992
AL NL
Dennis Eckersley Oakland Athletics 7-1 51 1.91 Greg Maddux Chicago Cubs 20-11 0 2.18
1993
AL NL
Jack McDowell Chicago White Sox 22-10 0 3.37 Greg Maddux Atlanta Braves 20-10 0 2.36
1994
AL NL
David Cone Kansas City Royals 16-5 0 2.94 Greg Maddux Atlanta Braves 16-6 0 1.56
1995
AL NL
Randy Johnson Seattle Mariners 18-2 0 2.48 Greg Maddux Atlanta Braves 19-2 0 1.63
1996
AL NL
Pat Hentgen Toronto Blue Jays 20-10 0 3.22 John Smoltz Atlanta Braves 24-8 0 2.95
1997
AL NL
Roger Clemens Toronto Blue Jays 21-7 0 2.05 Pedro Martínez Montreal Expos 17-8 0 1.90
1998
AL NL
Roger Clemens Toronto Blue Jays 20-6 0 2.65 Tom Glavine Atlanta Braves 20-6 0 2.47
1999
AL NL
Pedro Martínez Boston Red Sox 23-4 0 2.07 Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 17-9 0 2.49
2000
AL NL
Pedro Martínez Boston Red Sox 18-6 0 1.74 Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 19-7 0 2.64
2001
AL NL
Roger Clemens New York Yankees 20-3 0 3.51 Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 21-6 0 2.49
2002
AL NL
Barry Zito Oakland Athletics 23-5 0 2.75 Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 24-5 0 2.32
2003
AL NL
Roy Halladay Toronto Blue Jays 22-7 0 3.25 Eric Gagne Los Angeles Dodgers 2-3 55 1.20
2004
AL NL
Johan Santana Minnesota Twins 20-6 0 2.61 Roger Clemens Houston Astros 18-4 0 2.98
2005
AL NL
Bartolo Colón Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim 21-8 0 3.48 Chris Carpenter St. Louis Cardinals 21-5 0 2.83
2006
AL NL
Johan Santana Minnesota Twins 19-6 0 2.77 Brandon Webb Arizona Diamondbacks 16-8 0 3.10
2007
AL NL
C.C. Sabathia Cleveland Indians 19-7 0 3.21 Jake Peavy San Diego Padres 19-6 0 2.54
2008
AL NL
Cliff Lee Cleveland Indians 22-3 0 2.54 Tim Lincecum San Francisco Giants 18-5 0 2.62
2009
AL NL
Zack Greinke Kansas City Royals 16-8 0 2.16 Tim Lincecum San Francisco Giants 15-7 0 2.48
2010
AL NL
Felix Hernandez Seattle Mariners 13-12 0 2.27 Roy Halladay Philadelphia Phillies 21-10 0 2.44
2011
AL NL
Justin Verlander Detroit Tigers 24-5 0 2.40 Clayton Kershaw Los Angeles Dodgers 21-5 0 2.28
2012
AL NL
David Price Tampa Bay Rays 20-5 0 2.56 R.A. Dickey New York Mets 20-6 0 2.73
2013
AL NL
Max Scherzer Detroit Tigers 21-3 0 2.90 Clayton Kershaw Los Angeles Dodgers 16-9 0 1.83
2014
AL NL
Corey Kluber Cleveland Indians 18-9 0 2.44 Clayton Kershaw Los Angeles Dodgers 21-3 0 1.77

*: Sutcliffe was traded mid-season on June 13. He went 4-5 with a 5.15 ERA with the Cleveland Indians before being traded to the Chicago Cubs where he went 16-1 with a 2.69 ERA to finish the season.

[edit] Further Reading

  • Monte Cely: "The Cy Young Award: Individual or Team Recognition ?", in The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 35, 2007, pp. 48-53.
  • Monte Cely: "Bullpen Cy Young Awards: When and Why Do Relievers Win It?", in The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 37, 2008, pp. 95-100.

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