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College baseball or university baseball or is baseball as played on the intercollegiate level at institutions of higher education. It predominantly is played in North America and Asia, while in other continents baseball is often played by sports clubs.

Contents

[edit] Canada

Collegiate baseball in Canada is overseen by the Canadian Intercollegiate Baseball Association, which sponsors the national championship. The association is not part of Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS), the national governing body of university sport in Canada, and most teams play club baseball without athletic scholarships. However, Ontario University Athletics, a regional association of the CIS has sponsored baseball since 1999.

[edit] Japan

Universities throughout Japan take part in local university leagues which are associated with the Japan University Baseball Federation. These leagues usually play two seasons each year, in the spring and fall. The league champions have met in the All-Japan University Baseball Championship Series since 1952.

The two most prestigious leagues are located in Tokyo. The Tokyo Big6 Baseball League consists of six teams and has the longest history dating back to the 1920s. The Tohto University Base Ball League was founded five years latter and currently consists of over twenty teams in four divisions. The Tohto league (along with most collegiate leagues) uses a promotion and relegation between its divisions.

[edit] United States

The first known intercollegiate baseball game took place in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, on July 1, 1859. The game featured teams representing Amherst College and Williams College, with Amherst winning, 73 to 32. The game was played under the Massachusetts rules, which prevailed in New England until the "New York rules" developed in the 1840s gradually became accepted. The first nine-man team game was played later in the year on November 3 between the Fordham Rose Hill Baseball Club of New York's St. John's College against St. Francis Xavier College.

Through the 1950s, the most prominent programs were located in the northeast and California. Since the 1960s most top programs are located in the southeast and southwestern United States.

College baseball in the United States is played under the auspices intercollegiate associations of college baseball clubs is played under the auspices of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, which in turn are divided into three divisions (I, II, III). The National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics, comprised of nearly 300 schools, and the National Junior College Athletic Association, comprised of over 200 split into three divisions. Other smaller associations include the Community College League of California, National Christian College Athletic Association, and the Northwest Athletic Association of Community Colleges. The National Club Baseball Association oversees club baseball in the country.

The three largest associations hold national championships for each of their divisions. The most famous and oldest of these year-end tournaments is the NCAA Division I Baseball Championship which ends in the College World Series in Omaha, Nebraska.

Collegiate players may also play in summer college leagues which take place from June to August.

The rules of American collegiate baseball are substantially similar to the Official Baseball Rules. Exceptions include the following:

  • The bat may be made of wood, aluminum, or a metal or composite material that meets the organizing bodies standards.
  • The designated hitter rule is used. In addition, a player may serve as both pitcher and designated hitter at the same time and may remain in one position when removed in the other.
  • One or both ends of a doubleheader are sometimes seven innings in length. The NCAA has recently tightened the interpretation of what constitutes a regulation game, encouraging schools to play as many nine-inning games as possible.
  • A mercy rule may be in use, which terminates play when one team is ahead by 10 or more runs after seven innings (6½ innings if the home team is winning). Several athletic conferences institute this rule only on Sundays or the final day of a conference series, so that the visiting team can travel on time. This rule is not used in tournament games.

[edit] External Links

[edit] Further Reading

  • Bill Ballew: Diamonds and Diplomas: How to Get Recruited to Play College Baseball, Old Norse Publishing. 2012. ISBN 0967039320
  • Gregory J. Tullt: Nine College Nines: A Closeup View of Campus Baseball Programs Today, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2009.


National Collegiate Athletic Association Baseball Division I
NCAA Division I Baseball Championship · College World Series

America East Conference
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Atlantic-10 Conference
Atlantic Coast Conference
Atlantic Sun Conference
Big 12 Conference
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Colonial Athletic Association
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Ivy League
Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference
Mid-American Conference
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Northeast Conference
Ohio Valley Conference
Pacific-12 Conference
Patriot League
Southeastern Conference
Southern Conference
Southland Conference
Southwestern Athletic Conference
Summit League
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Independents
National Collegiate Athletic Association Baseball Division II
NCAA Division II Baseball Championship

California Collegiate Athletic Association
Central Atlantic Collegiate Conference
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association
Conference Carolinas
East Coast Conference
Great American Conference
Great Lakes Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Great Lakes Valley Conference
Great Midwest Athletic Conference
Great Northwest Athletic Conference
Gulf South Conference
Heartland Conference
Lone Star Conference
Mid-America Intercollegiate Athletics Association
Mountain East Conference
Northeast-10 Conference
Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference
Pacific West Conference
Peach Belt Conference
Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference
Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference
South Atlantic Conference
Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Sunshine State Conference
Independents
National Collegiate Athletic Association Baseball Division III
NCAA Division III Baseball Championship

Allegheny Mountain Collegiate Conference
American Southwest Conference
Capital Athletic Conference
Centennial Conference
City University of New York Athletic Conference
College Conference of Illinois and Wisconsin
Colonial States Athletic Conference
Commonwealth Conference
Commonwealth Coast Conference
Empire 8
Freedom Conference
Great Northeast Athletic Conference
Heartland Collegiate Athletic Conference
Iowa Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Landmark Conference
Liberty League
Little East Conference
Massachusetts State College Athletic Conference
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association
Midwest Conference
Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
New England Collegiate Conference
New England Small College Athletic Conference
New England Women's and Men's Athletic Conference
New Jersey Athletic Conference
North Atlantic Conference
North Coast Athletic Conference
North Eastern Athletic Conference
Northern Athletics Collegiate Conference
Northwest Conference
Ohio Athletic Conference
Old Dominion Athletic Conference
Presidents' Athletic Conference
Skyline Conference
Southern Athletic Association
Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference
St. Louis Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
State University of New York Athletic Conference
University Athletic Association
Upper Midwest Athletic Conference
USA South Athletic Conference
Wisconsin Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Independents
National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics Baseball
NAIA Baseball World Series

Conference
American Midwest Conference
Appalachian Athletic Conference
Chicagoland Collegiate Athletic Conference
Crossroads League
Golden State Athletic Conference
Great Plains Athletic Conference
Heart of America Athletic Conference
Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference
Kentucky Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Midlands Collegiate Athletic Conference
Mid-South Conference
Midwest Collegiate Conference
NAIA West Grouping
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Red River Athletic Conference
Sooner Athletic Conference
Southern States Athletic Conference
The Sun Conference
Wolverine-Hoosier Athletic Conference
Independents
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