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College baseball or university baseball is baseball as played on the intercollegiate level at institutions of higher education. It predominantly is played in North America and Asia, while in other continents baseball is often played by sports clubs.


[edit] Canada

Collegiate baseball in Canada is overseen by the Canadian Intercollegiate Baseball Association, which sponsors the national championship. The association is not part of Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS), the national governing body of university sport in Canada, and most teams play club baseball without athletic scholarships. However, Ontario University Athletics, a regional association of the CIS has sponsored baseball since 1999.

[edit] Japan

Universities throughout Japan take part in local university leagues which are associated with the Japan University Baseball Federation. These leagues usually play two seasons each year, in the spring and fall. The league champions have met in the All-Japan University Baseball Championship Series since 1952.

The two most prestigious leagues are located in Tokyo. The Tokyo Big6 Baseball League consists of six teams and has the longest history dating back to the 1920s. The Tohto University Base Ball League was founded five years latter and currently consists of over twenty teams in four divisions. The Tohto league (along with most collegiate leagues) uses a promotion and relegation between its divisions.

[edit] United States

The first known intercollegiate baseball game took place in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, on July 1, 1859. The game featured teams representing Amherst College and Williams College, with Amherst winning, 73 to 32. The game was played under the Massachusetts rules, which prevailed in New England until the "New York rules" developed in the 1840s gradually became accepted. The first nine-man team game was played later in the year on November 3 between the Fordham Rose Hill Baseball Club of New York's St. John's College against St. Francis Xavier College.

Through the 1950s, the most prominent programs were located in the northeast and California. Since the 1960s most top programs are located in the southeast and southwestern United States.

College baseball in the United States is played under the auspices intercollegiate associations of college baseball clubs is played under the auspices of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, which in turn are divided into three divisions (I, II, III). The National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics, comprised of nearly 300 schools, and the National Junior College Athletic Association, comprised of over 200 split into three divisions. Other smaller associations include the Community College League of California, National Christian College Athletic Association, and the Northwest Athletic Association of Community Colleges. The National Club Baseball Association oversees club baseball in the country.

The three largest associations hold national championships for each of their divisions. The most famous and oldest of these year-end tournaments is the NCAA Division I Baseball Championship which ends in the College World Series in Omaha, Nebraska.

Collegiate players may also play in summer college leagues which take place from June to August.

The rules of American collegiate baseball are substantially similar to the Official Baseball Rules. Exceptions include the following:

  • The bat may be made of wood, aluminum, or a metal or composite material that meets the organizing bodies standards.
  • The designated hitter rule is used. In addition, a player may serve as both pitcher and designated hitter at the same time and may remain in one position when removed in the other.
  • One or both ends of a doubleheader are sometimes seven innings in length. The NCAA has recently tightened the interpretation of what constitutes a regulation game, encouraging schools to play as many nine-inning games as possible.
  • A mercy rule may be in use, which terminates play when one team is ahead by 10 or more runs after seven innings (6½ innings if the home team is winning). Several athletic conferences institute this rule only on Sundays or the final day of a conference series, so that the visiting team can travel on time. This rule is not used in tournament games.

[edit] External Links

[edit] Further Reading

  • Bill Ballew: Diamonds and Diplomas: How to Get Recruited to Play College Baseball, Old Norse Publishing. 2012. ISBN 0967039320
  • Gregory J. Tullt: Nine College Nines: A Closeup View of Campus Baseball Programs Today, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2009.

National Collegiate Athletic Association Baseball Division I
NCAA Division I Baseball Championship · College World Series

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National Collegiate Athletic Association Baseball Division II
NCAA Division II Baseball Championship

California Collegiate Athletic Association
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Conference Carolinas
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Great American Conference
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Mid-America Intercollegiate Athletics Association
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Northeast-10 Conference
Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference
Pacific West Conference
Peach Belt Conference
Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference
Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference
South Atlantic Conference
Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Sunshine State Conference
National Collegiate Athletic Association Baseball Division III
NCAA Division III Baseball Championship

Allegheny Mountain Collegiate Conference
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Empire 8
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Landmark Conference
Liberty League
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Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association
Midwest Conference
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New England Collegiate Conference
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North Atlantic Conference
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Northwest Conference
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Old Dominion Athletic Conference
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Southern Athletic Association
Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
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St. Louis Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
State University of New York Athletic Conference
University Athletic Association
Upper Midwest Athletic Conference
USA South Athletic Conference
Wisconsin Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics Baseball
NAIA Baseball World Series

American Midwest Conference
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Crossroads League
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Heart of America Athletic Conference
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Mid-South Conference
NAIA West Grouping
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Sooner Athletic Conference
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