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Catfish Hunter

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1966 Topps

James Augustus Hunter ("Jim", "Catfish")

Inducted into Hall of Fame in 1987

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[edit] Biographical Information

"He's the Robin Roberts of the generation. He's a grinder. He's got a tremendous ERA. He's consistent. He's great to play behind because he gets rid of the ball." - Dick Williams

James Augustus "Catfish" Hunter (April 8, 1946September 9, 1999) was a prolific right-handed starting pitcher between 1965 and 1979.

Hunter was known as a skilled control pitcher, and was one of the best big game pitchers of the 1970s. He won 21 or more games five years in a row (1971-1975) and tied for the major league lead in wins in 1974 (25) and 1975 (23). Hunter also won the American League Cy Young Award while leading the major leagues in ERA in 1974. Hunter was an 8-time All-Star who earned five World Series championship rings and threw the first regular season perfect game in the American League in 46 years in 1968. The outing after his perfect game, he was roughed up for 8 runs, the worst outing by a pitcher following a perfecto until Phil Humber in 2012.

Hunter began his major league career playing for the Kansas City and Oakland Athletics. It was the PR-conscious Athletics' owner Charles O. Finley that gave Hunter the nickname "Catfish" in an effort to pique fan interest (see Jim Grant & Vida Blue). By 1974, Hunter and Finley had fallen out due to a contract dispute. Hunter complained that Finley refused to make statutory payments to Hunter's life insurance. The dispute was eventually referred to arbitrator Peter Seitz, who declared the contract breached, thus nullifying the standard reserve clause and making Hunter a free agent. As the first free agent of the modern era, he signed with the New York Yankees for the then-unprecedented sum of $3.75 million over 5 years.

Catfish Hunter was the 4th (and, as of 2007, last) American League pitcher to win 20 games in a season for 5 consecutive seasons (1971-1975). The others were Walter Johnson (10), Lefty Grove (7) and Bob Feller (5), though Jim Palmer did have two 4-consecutive-year streaks (1970-1973) and (1975-1978) for 8 in 9 years.

Hunter's teams were very successful; he appeared in 6 out of 7 World Series from 1972-1978. Hunter retired from baseball in 1979, at the age of 33. He was selected to the Hall of Fame in 1987. When asked to choose which team to go into the Hall of Fame as, Hunter notably refused to choose between the Athletics and Yankees, loving both franchises equally. His plaque is one of the few with no insignia on the cap. The Athletics retired his number 27 jersey.

Hunter wrote two cookbooks - Cooking with Catfish Hunter, a diabetic-friendly cookbook, and Catfish Hunter's Southern Cookbook.

Hunter died in Hertford, NC, where he was born, after falling and hitting his head. He had been suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. He was only 53 years old.

In 1975, he was the subject of the Bob Dylan song, "Catfish."

"The sun don't shine on the same dog's ass all the time." - Catfish Hunter

[edit] Notable Achievements

  • 8-time AL All-Star (1966, 1967, 1970 & 1972-1976)
  • AL Cy Young Award Winner (1974)
  • AL ERA Leader (1974)
  • 2-time AL Wins Leader (1974 & 1975)
  • AL Innings Pitched Leader (1975)
  • AL Complete Games Leader (1975)
  • 15 Wins Seasons: 7 (1970-1976)
  • 20 Wins Seasons: 5 (1971-1975)
  • 25 Wins Seasons: 1 (1974)
  • 200 Innings Pitched Seasons: 10 (1967-1976)
  • 300 innings Pitched Seasons: 2 (1974 & 1975)
  • Won five World Series with the Oakland Athletics (1972, 1973 & 1974) and the New York Yankees (1977 & 1978)
  • Baseball Hall of Fame: Class of 1987


AL Cy Young Award
1973 1974 1975
Jim Palmer Catfish Hunter Jim Palmer


[edit] Further Reading

[edit] Related Sites

Some or all content from this article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Catfish Hunter".

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