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From BR Bullpen
Note: This page links to Cal Ripken, Jr., the Hall of Fame player. For his father who was a major league manager in 1987 and 1988, click here.
Calvin Edwin Ripken Jr.
- Bats Right, Throws Right
- Height 6' 4", Weight 225 lb.
- High School Aberdeen (MD) High School
- Debut August 10, 1981
- Final Game October 6, 2001
- Born August 24, 1960 in Havre de Grace, MD USA
Shortstop Cal Ripken, famous as baseball's Iron Man, was elected to the Hall of Fame in 2007 with the third-highest vote total in Hall of Fame history. A two-time MVP and also 1982 Rookie of the Year, he was named to the All-Star team an astounding 19 times and played his entire career with the Baltimore Orioles.
 Minor League Career
Ripken was selected by the Orioles in the second round of the 1978 amateur draft and made an inconspicuous pro debut that summer, hitting .264/~.336/.301 in 63 games with the Bluefield Orioles. He had 33 errors, leading Appalachian League shortstops. He hit .303/~.340/.417 with 5 homers in 105 games with the Miami Orioles the next year. He led the Florida State League with 28 doubles and finished 4th in average. He split the year between shortstop and third base. He struggled a bit at the AA level, hitting just .180/~.219/.361 in 17 games with the Charlotte O's. He returned to Charlotte in 1980 and had a breakout season, hitting .276/~.372/.492 and clubbing 25 homers, tied for fourth in the Southern League. His .933 fielding percentage led the league's third basemen and his 9 sacrifice flies tied Mike Gates for the lead.
Ripken spent most of 1981 with the Rochester Red Wings. He hit .288 with 23 home runs and 75 RBIs in 114 games with the club and played all 33 innings of the longest game in baseball history (he went 2-for-13 while playing third base). In August, he was called up by the Orioles.
 Iron Man
"The Streak" took on mythical proportions as Ripken played game after game in the 1990s. There were some close calls that almost ended the streak:
- A 1985 sprained ankle would have kept Ripken out but the Orioles had a day off the next day. He played two days later.
- Both of his children were born on days off so he didn't have to make the decision whether to attend the labor or the ballgame.
- In 1992, the Orioles recalled Manny Alexander when another ankle injury nearly sidelined him in Milwaukee.
- In 1993, a brawl on the field almost knocked Ripken out when he twisted his knee in the pile. The next morning he was unable to walk but still managed to play and keep the streak alive.
- There were also doubts in 1995, when the owners decided to use replacement players to begin the season. If Ripken was on strike the streak would end. The strike was settled just before the season was due to open and Ripken played on.
On September 6, 1995, Cal Ripken passed Lou Gehrig by playing in his 2,131st consecutive game. The game, televised nationally, was held up for 22 minutes after the game became official in the fifth inning. It was the first major moment after the disastrous strike of 1994 and 1995.
Then there was the bizarre photo shoot before the 1996 All-Star Game. As the AL stars were stepping off a makeshift platform, Chicago White Sox pitcher Roberto Hernández slipped and slammed his forearm into Ripken's nose while trying to catch his balance. Although Ripken broke his nose, he had it reset and played into the seventh inning. Of course, he was back in the Orioles' starting lineup two days after that.
Ripken continued his streak after breaking Gehrig's record. Early in 1996, he passed Sachio Kinugasa. Kinugasa played 2,215 consecutive games in Nippon Pro Baseball. Ripken finally voluntarily sat out a game on September 20, 1998. Ryan Minor replaced him at third base. He had played in 2,632 consecutive games.
In addition to his consecutive game streak, Ripken also holds the record for the most consecutive innings played: from June 5, 1982, until September 14, 1987, when he was replaced in the field in the top of the 8th inning by Ron Washington, with his team down 17-3 to Toronto, he played every inning of every game the Orioles played, for a total of 8,264 consecutive innings. The man whose record he broke is 19th century player George Pinkney, whose streak ran to 5,152 consecutive innings.
Ripken helped bring professional baseball back to his hometown of Aberdeen, MD, with the Ripken Baseball project which started when the Major League Baseball Players Association gave Ripken a $75,000 gift in honor of the streak. Ripken Baseball bought the Utica Blue Sox, and moved the team to Aberdeen to become the Aberdeen IronBirds. Later, Ripken Baseball bought the A Augusta Greenjackets in late 2005. Ripken Baseball now also owns the Charlotte Stone Crabs in the Florida State League.
The Ripken Baseball project will also have a 50-acre youth baseball academy on the Ripken Stadium grounds in Aberdeen, which will have five models of Memorial Stadium, Ebbets Field, Fenway Park, and Yankee Stadium, in addition to the model of the Oriole Park at Camden Yards which will hold the Cal Ripken World Series, formerly known as the Babe Ruth World Series.
Ripken is very involved in the promotion of youth baseball, being the main sponsor of Cal Ripken Youth Baseball, an alternative to Little League Baseball. He has also written a number of children's books on baseball themes, along with Baltimore Sun columnist Kevin Cowherd. Aimed at children aged 8-14, the books are Hothead, Super Slugger and Wild Pitch; they follow the members of a youth baseball team and deal with issues such as anger management, bullying and self-confidence.
 Public Diplomacy
In 2007, Ripken was a U.S. State Department public diplomacy sports envoy. He was sent to "train Chinese youngsters in the cities of Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, with the hope of planting a few seeds that will “grow” the game of baseball in China." 
 Hall of Fame vote
On January 9, 2007 it was announced that Ripken had received 537 of 545 votes for the Hall of Fame. He was inducted with Tony Gwynn, in July of that year. In 2011 he was elected to the International League Hall of Fame.
 Notable Achievements
- 1982 AL Rookie of the Year Award
- 1981 Topps All-Star Rookie Team
- 1982 Topps All-Star Rookie Team
- 19-time AL All-Star (1983-2001)
- 2-time AL MVP (1983 & 1991)
- 1991 All-Star Game MVP
- 2001 All-Star Game MVP
- 2-time AL Gold Glove Winner (1991 & 1992)
- 8-time AL Silver Slugger Award Winner (1983-1986, 1989, 1991, 1993 & 1994)
- 2-time AL At Bats Leader (1983 & 1993)
- AL Runs Scored Leader (1983)
- AL Hits Leader (1983)
- AL Total Bases Leader (1991)
- AL Doubles Leader (1983)
- 20-Home Run Seasons: 12 (1982-1991, 1993 & 1996)
- 30-Home Run Seasons: 1 (1991)
- 100 RBI Seasons: 4 (1983, 1985, 1991 & 1996)
- 100 Runs Scored Seasons: 3 (1983, 1984 & 1985)
- 200 Hits Seasons: 2 (1983 & 1991)
- Won a World Series with the Baltimore Orioles in 1983
- Baseball Hall of Fame: Class of 2007
|Robin Yount||Cal Ripken||Willie Hernandez|
|Rickey Henderson||Cal Ripken||Dennis Eckersley|
|AL Rookie of the Year|
|Dave Righetti||Cal Ripken||Ron Kittle|
 Records Held
- Home runs, shortstop, career, 345
- Consecutive games, 2632
- Consecutive innings, 8264 (unofficial)
- Grounded into double plays, career, 350
- Sacrifice flies, right handed batter, career, 127
- Seasons leading league in games, 9
- Seasons playing all of team's games, 15
- Consecutive seasons playing all of team's games, 15
- At bats, season, without a triple, 646, 1989
- Fielding percentage, shortstop, season, .996, 1990
- Fewest errors, shortstop, season, 3, 1990 (tied)
 Further Reading
- Lars Anderson: "Cal Ripken Jr: A Tribute To The Iron Man", Sports Illustrated, Time Warner Inc., 2001, pp. 70-74.
- Thomas Boswell: "The Ripken Team", in Why Time Begins on Opening Day, Penguin Books, New York, NY, 1984, pp. 263-273.
- Marty Friedrich: The Iron Men of Baseball, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2006.
- Trent McCotter: "Ripken's Record for Consecutive Innings Played", The Baseball Record Journal, SABR, Volume 41, Number 2 (Fall 2012), pp. 7-9.
- Cal Ripken (as told to George Vass): "The Game I'll Never Forget", Baseball Digest, January 1993, pp. 69-70. 
- Cal Ripken and Mike Bryan: The Only Way I Know, Penguin Books, New York, NY, 1997. 
 Related Sites
- Article on power-hitting middle infielders in The Hardball Times
- Article on end of Ripken's consecutive innings played streak in 1987