Robert Edward Addy
- Bats Left, Throws Left
- Height 5' 8", Weight 160 lb.
- Debut May 6, 1871
- Final Game October 6, 1877
- Born February, 1842 in Port Hope, ON Canada
- Died April 9, 1910 in Pocatello, ID USA
"Bob Addy . . . was a good, hard hustling player, a good base runner and a hard hitter. He was as honest as the day is long and the last that I heard of him he was living out in Oregon, where he was engaged in running a tin shop. He was an odd sort of a genius and quit the game because he thought he could do better at something else." - Cap Anson
Bob Addy was a tough but lovable eccentric who is said to have invented the slide in 1866. Later, he played in the first professional league, the National Association, from 1871 to 1875, and then in the early National League, from 1876 to 1877.
Addy was born in Port Hope, ON, in 1842, then moved at a young age to Rochester, NY. Addy supposedly invented the slide in 1866 with the Rockford Forest City Baseball Club, before any leagues had been invented, and before the Cincinnati Red Stockings embarked on their professional barnstorming tours in 1869 and 1870. His invention would have occurred in an amateur game, although at a time when some players were actually paid money under the table. Addy was 21 at the time he first slid.
There is no readily available information as to whether Addy had fought in the Civil War, but it seems likely that he did so. If he did, he might well have taught the game to, or learned it from, other soldiers, since baseball was spreading in popularity at the time and was known to have been played by soldiers when they weren't fighting.
A picture of the 1866 Rockford team shows a 21-year-old Addy who is slender, has a broad face with short hair, and is several inches shorter than Ross Barnes.
While with Rockford he played with distinction against the famous Cincinnati Red Stockings in 1869, to the point that even Cincinnati fans cheered his efforts.
When the first professional league was formed in 1871, Addy was there, at the age of 29, to play on the Rockford Forest Citys team. He played every game at second base, playing along with Cap Anson who was at third base. The team did horribly, going 4-21. Addy hit .271, in a league that hit .287.
He didn't play in the National Association in 1872, but in 1873 started with the Philadelphia Whites for 10 games, hitting a decent .314 on a team where Levi Meyerle was the star. In spite of his performance, Addy was cut from the team, and played in some sort of game in Rockford. Later in the season, he played for the Boston Red Stockings, hitting .355 on a team that had a team average of .338 and won the pennant. However, the Whites claimed that Addy was disqualified from playing for Boston because he had played in Rockford, and there was a "60-day rule" that prevented players from jumping. The Association eventually ruled against the Whites, saying the Rockford game was just a pick-up game.
In 1875, he was back in Philly with the Whites, in spite of the previous controversy. His .258 average was slightly better than the team average of .251, and he managed the team for 5 of their 69 games. Former teammate Levi Meyerle was the star on the team. That year, he worked one game as an umpire on October 28th.
When the National League formed during the winter of 1875-76, Addy was able to become a player in the new league. He was on the 1876 Chicago White Stockings, which won the first pennant in the new league. Addy hit the lowest average on the team, .282, while teammate Ross Barnes led the league with a .429. Addy was in the outfield.
Moving on to the Cincinnati Reds in 1877, he played his last season at age 35. He was the oldest regulars on the team. Lip Pike managed 14 of the team's games that season, while Addy managed 24 and shortstop Jack Manning managed 20. Levi Meyerle was again a teammate of Addy.