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Bill Madlock

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Bill Madlock Jr.

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[edit] Introduction

Bill Madlock was a four-time batting champion, and nearly won a fifth title. He won batting titles in 1975, 1976, 1981 and 1983, and finished second to Al Oliver in 1982. In spite of that, in the first year that he was eligible for Hall of Fame voting by the BBWAA, he got only 4% of the vote and was dropped from the ballot. He was a valuable contributor to the 1979 Pittsburgh Pirates that won the 1979 World Series, as well as to the division-winning 1985 Los Angeles Dodgers and 1987 Detroit Tigers. His lifetime OPS+ is a respectable 123. With the 1976 Chicago Cubs, he hit .339 with a .500 slugging percentage. He could also steal a base, with a high of 32 stolen bases in 1979. As a defensive third baseman, he never won a Gold Glove, but he wasn't an embarrassment either (the San Francisco Giants used him at second base for a year and a half).

The similarity scores method shows the most similar player as Carney Lansford, another batting champ, although Lansford had a lower OPS+ and a lower lifetime batting average. There are two Hall of Famers on Madlock's list - George Kell and Home Run Baker. Batting champ Harvey Kuenn is also on the list.

Bill was the last team captain the Pittsburgh Pirates have had, being named to the position after Willie Stargell retired in 1982.

[edit] Biography - early years

He was raised in Decatur, Illinois for most of his life. He played organized baseball in the youth leagues and all-star teams formed in the town.

After being drafted by the St. Louis Cardinals in 1969 and the Washington Senators in 1970, he played in the Senators/Rangers organization from 1970-73, most notably hitting .338 with 22 home runs for Spokane in 1973. He led the Pacific Coast League in runs scored in 1973.

Bill broke into the majors with a splash in 1973, hitting .351 in 21 games at the end of the season for the 1973 Texas Rangers. The team lost 105 games in spite of having talents such as Rico Carty, Alex Johnson, Jeff Burroughs, Toby Harrah and Jim Fregosi. Billy Martin managed the team for the last 23 games of the season.

The Rangers traded Madlock to the Chicago Cubs to get Fergie Jenkins. The Cubs, like the Rangers had done, used Madlock at third base. Bill spent 1974-76 with the Cubs, hitting over .300 each year and winning the batting championship in 1975-76 as a 24-25 year old player. He was third in the Rookie of the Year voting in 1974 (Bake McBride, who also hit over .300, won the award), twelfth in MVP voting in 1975 and sixth in MVP voting in 1976 although the Cubs were not contenders in either 1975 or 1976.

After the 1976 season the Cubs traded Madlock to the San Francisco Giants in a trade that brought Bobby Murcer to the Cubs. In his first two seasons with the Giants, Madlock continued to hit over .300 although in 1978 the Giants' ballpark was pretty favorable to pitchers rather than hitters. Although Madlock's OPS+ was 144, ninth in the league, he was not a factor in MVP voting as teammate Jack Clark (with a 152 OPS+) finished fifth.

Madlock started slowly in 1979 and was traded in June to the 1979 Pittsburgh Pirates, who would go on to win the 1979 World Series. Bill hit .328 in his 85 games with the Pirates and had an OBP of .483 in the Series. He batted sixth in the batting order in each game of the Series, usually behind Willie Stargell as the number five hitter.

Bill stayed with the Pirates through most of the 1985 season. Although the Giants had used him at second base for part of his time in San Francisco, the Pirates used him at third base. He won two more batting championships while with the Pirates, and also hit .319 in 1982, finishing second in the league. His highest MVP finish during his years with the Pirates was eighth in 1983, a year in which the Pirates went 84-78.

[edit] Biography - later years

The 1985 Dodgers picked him up on August 31, 1985 for their stretch run, and he got a lot of attention for hitting .360 during his 34 games with them in 1985. He also hit .333 in post-season play that year for the Dodgers. He had a positive image in L.A. as a mature, useful veteran, and played as a regular in 1986 for manager Tom Lasorda, but when he struggled at the start of 1987, he was released on May 29, and signed as a free agent by the 1987 Detroit Tigers at age 36. Bill posted a respectable batting line of .279/.351/.460 for the Tigers, who won their division with 98 victories under manager Sparky Anderson. Bill's last major league appearance was in post-season play in 1987.

In 1988, he played for the Lotte Orions in Japan, hitting 19 home runs. In 1989, he played for the Orlando Juice and St. Lucie Legends of the Senior Professional Baseball Association. Madlock batted .305 between the 2 teams while playing in 55 games; 39 games with Orlando and 16 games with St. Lucie.

After his playing days he became a coach. In 1998, he was a coach for the Michigan Battle Cats. In 2000 and 2001, he was the hitting coach for the Detroit Tigers. In 2003, he was the manager of the Newark Bears and in 2005 the hitting coach for the La New Bears of the CPBL.

[edit] Career analysis

Should Bill Madlock be in the Hall of Fame? It's clear that in earlier decades a four-time batting champ would have been a very strong candidate, because batting average was the statistic that most fans focused on.

He never finished in the top five in MVP voting, although one can argue this is perhaps a bit unfair - he played the vast majority of his career for "small market" teams that didn't get the attention of, say, the New York Yankees. He did come to the Dodgers for a division-winning season, but he was only on the team beginning August 31 that year.

His lifetime batting average is .305, which compares with George Brett, another third baseman who is at .305. However, Brett was able to play 21 seasons and score over 1,500 runs with more than 3,000 hits, while Madlock had around 2,000 hits and fewer than 1,000 runs scored. A stronger comparison might be with Hall of Famer Billy Herman, who hit .304 lifetime but never won a batting championship. However, Herman, who also played for the Cubs, was a 10-time All Star who led the league four times in Range Factor defensively, while Madlock, who was a three-time All Star, was not a defensive star.

[edit] Notable Achievements

[edit] Further Reading

[edit] Related Sites

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