You Are Here > Baseball-Reference.com > Bullpen > American League - BR Bullpen

American League

From BR Bullpen

Jump to: navigation, search

AL Season
Summaries
2014 AL
2013 AL
2012 AL
2011 AL
2010 AL
2009 AL
2008 AL
2007 AL
2006 AL
2005 AL
2004 AL
2003 AL
2002 AL
2001 AL
2000 AL
1999 AL
1998 AL
1997 AL
1996 AL
1995 AL
1994 AL
1993 AL
1992 AL
1991 AL
1990 AL
1989 AL
1988 AL
1987 AL
1986 AL
1985 AL
1984 AL
1983 AL
1982 AL
1981 AL
1980 AL
1979 AL
1978 AL
1977 AL
1976 AL
1975 AL
1974 AL
1973 AL
1972 AL
1971 AL
1970 AL
1969 AL
1968 AL
1967 AL
1966 AL
1965 AL
1964 AL
1963 AL
1962 AL
1961 AL
1960 AL
1959 AL
1958 AL
1957 AL
1956 AL
1955 AL
1954 AL
1953 AL
1952 AL
1951 AL
1950 AL
1949 AL
1948 AL
1947 AL
1946 AL
1945 AL
1944 AL
1943 AL
1942 AL
1941 AL
1940 AL
1939 AL
1938 AL
1937 AL
1936 AL
1935 AL
1934 AL
1933 AL
1932 AL
1931 AL
1930 AL
1929 AL
1928 AL
1927 AL
1926 AL
1925 AL
1924 AL
1923 AL
1922 AL
1921 AL
1920 AL
1919 AL
1918 AL
1917 AL
1916 AL
1915 AL
1914 AL
1913 AL
1912 AL
1911 AL
1910 AL
1909 AL
1908 AL
1907 AL
1906 AL
1905 AL
1904 AL
1903 AL
1902 AL
1901 AL

AmericanLeague.jpg

Officially Known as: American League of Professional Baseball Clubs

The American League has its origins in the minor league Western League, which existed from 1894 to 1899. The league was reorganized and renamed by Ban Johnson in 1900 and played as a minor league that year. Its intention, however, was to compete with the National League, and did so in 1901 when it proclaimed itself a rival major league, moved teams into the cities of Boston, MA and Philadelphia, PA, even though they were occupied by National League teams, and started to sign NL players. In 1904, with a precarious peace established through the National Agreement, the champions of the rival leagues met in the first World Series. In 1904 there was no World Series due to the refusal of the New York Giants to play along; public pressure forced a permanent peace between the leagues after that, but the leagues remained distinct entities with their own presidents.

The leagues maintained their own umpiring crews, with the American League home-plate umpires continuing to use outside chest protectors for decades after the National League umps had phased them out. With the outside protector the American League umpires stood further back than National League umps. This positional difference, and the perspective on the strike zone it lent, may have led to what was perceived as a difference in pitching styles of the two leagues from mid-century into the free agency era, that the National League was a fastball league where pitchers would "challenge the hitter" whereas the American League was a "breaking ball league".

In 1973, the American League introduced the designated hitter to official big league games. In 1999, the two leagues were virtually dissolved as the league presidencies were abolished and merged under a single commissioner in Bud Selig, and the two leagues' umpire crews were commingled. The AL (as it's frequently called) now exists in name only as part of Major League Baseball. The American League is often called the "junior circuit", given it is 25 years younger than the National League.

Contents

[edit] League Presidents

The office was eliminated in 2000, although Jackie Autry, former owner of the Angels, currently holds the title of honorary American League president.


The American League has had the following teams:

  • 1901: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Americans, Chicago White Stockings, Cleveland Blues, Detroit Tigers, Milwaukee Brewers, Philadelphia Athletics, and Washington Senators.
  • 1902: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Americans, Chicago White Stockings, Cleveland Bronchos, Detroit Tigers, Philadelphia Athletics, St. Louis Browns, and Washington Senators.
  • 1903-53: Boston Americans/Red Sox, Chicago White Stockings/White Sox, Cleveland Naps/Indians, Detroit Tigers, New York Americans/Yankees, Philadelphia Athletics, St. Louis Browns, and Washington Nationals/Senators.
  • 1954: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers, New York Yankees, Philadelphia Athletics and Washington Senators.
  • 1955-60: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers, Kansas City Athletics, New York Yankees, and Washington Senators.
  • 1961-65: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers, Kansas City Athletics, Los Angeles Angels, Minnesota Twins, New York Yankees and "expansion" Washington Senators.
  • 1966-67: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, California Angels, Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers, Kansas City Athletics, Minnesota Twins, New York Yankees and Washington Senators.
  • 1968: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, California Angels, Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers, Minnesota Twins, New York Yankees, Oakland Athletics and Washington Senators.
  • 1969: East Division: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers, New York Yankees, & Washington Senators; West Division: California Angels, Chicago White Sox, Kansas City Royals, Minnesota Twins, Oakland Athletics, & Seattle Pilots.
  • 1970-71: East Division: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers, New York Yankees, & Washington Senators; West Division: California Angels, Chicago White Sox, Kansas City Royals, Milwaukee Brewers, Minnesota Twins, Oakland Athletics.
  • 1972-76: East Division: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers, Milwaukee Brewers, & New York Yankees; West Division: California Angels, Chicago White Sox, Kansas City Royals, Minnesota Twins, Oakland Athletics & Texas Rangers.
  • 1977-94: East Division: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers, Milwaukee Brewers, New York Yankees & Toronto Blue Jays; West Division: California Angels, Chicago White Sox, Kansas City Royals, Minnesota Twins, Oakland Athletics, Seattle Mariners & Texas Rangers.
  • 1995-97: East Division: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, Detroit Tigers, New York Yankees & Toronto Blue Jays; Central Division: Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians, Kansas City Royals, Milwaukee Brewers & Minnesota Twins; West Division: California/Anaheim Angels, Oakland Athletics, Seattle Mariners & Texas Rangers.
  • 1998-2004: East Division: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, New York Yankees, Tampa Bay Devil Rays & Toronto Blue Jays; Central Division: Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers, Kansas City Royals & Minnesota Twins; West Division: Anaheim Angels, Oakland Athletics, Seattle Mariners & Texas Rangers.
  • 2005-12: East Division: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, New York Yankees, Tampa Bay Devil Rays/Rays & Toronto Blue Jays; Central Division: Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers, Kansas City Royals & Minnesota Twins; West Division: Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Oakland Athletics, Seattle Mariners & Texas Rangers.
  • 2013: East Division: Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, New York Yankees, Tampa Bay Rays & Toronto Blue Jays; Central Division: Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers, Kansas City Royals & Minnesota Twins; West Division: Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Houston Astros, Oakland Athletics, Seattle Mariners & Texas Rangers.

[edit] League Champions

Year Champion Record Manager Postseason Notes
1900 Chicago White Stockings 82-53 Charlie Comiskey none
1901 Chicago White Sox 83-53-1 Clark Griffith none
1902 Philadelphia Athletics 83-53-1 Connie Mack none
1903 Boston Americans 91-47-3 Jimmy Collins Won World Series over Pittsburgh Pirates 1
1904 Boston Americans 95-59-3 Jimmy Collins none 2
1905 Philadelphia Athletics 92-56-4 Connie Mack Lost World Series to New York Giants
1906 Chicago White Sox 93-58-4 Fielder Jones Won World Series over Chicago Cubs
1907 Detroit Tigers 92-58-3 Hugh Jennings Lost World Series to Chicago Cubs
1908 Detroit Tigers 90-63-1 Hugh Jennings Lost World Series to Chicago Cubs
1909 Detroit Tigers 98-54-6 Hugh Jennings Lost World Series to Pittsburgh Pirates
1910 Philadelphia Athletics 102-48-5 Connie Mack Won World Series over Chicago Cubs
1911 Philadelphia Athletics 101-50-1 Connie Mack Won World Series over New York Giants
1912 Boston Red Sox 105-47-2 Jake Stahl Won World Series over New York Giants
1913 Philadelphia Athletics 96-57 Connie Mack Won World Series over New York Giants
1914 Philadelphia Athletics 99-53-6 Connie Mack Lost World Series to Boston Braves
1915 Boston Red Sox 101-50-4 Bill Carrigan Won World Series over Philadelphia Phillies
1916 Boston Red Sox 91-63-2 Bill Carrigan Won World Series over Brooklyn Robins
1917 Chicago White Sox 100-54-2 Pants Rowland Won World Series over New York Giants
1918 Boston Red Sox 75-51 Ed Barrow Won World Series over Chicago Cubs
1919 Chicago White Sox 88-52 Kid Gleason Lost World Series to Cincinnati Reds 1
1920 Cleveland Indians 98-56 Tris Speaker Won World Series over Brooklyn Robins 1
1921 New York Yankees 98-55 Miller Huggins Lost World Series to New York Giants 1
1922 New York Yankees 94-60 Miller Huggins Lost World Series to New York Giants
1923 New York Yankees 98-54 Miller Huggins Won World Series over New York Giants
1924 Washington Senators 92-62-2 Bucky Harris Won World Series over New York Giants
1925 Washington Senators 96-55-1 Bucky Harris Lost World Series to Pittsburgh Pirates
1926 New York Yankees 91-63-1 Miller Huggins Lost World Series to St. Louis Cardinals
1927 New York Yankees 110-41-1 Miller Huggins Won World Series over Pittsburgh Pirates
1928 New York Yankees 101-53 Miller Huggins Won World Series over St. Louis Cardinals
1929 Philadelphia Athletics 104-46-1 Connie Mack Won World Series over Chicago Cubs
1930 Philadelphia Athletics 102-52 Connie Mack Won World Series over St. Louis Cardinals
1931 Philadelphia Athletics 107-45-1 Connie Mack Lost World Series to St. Louis Cardinals
1932 New York Yankees 107-47-1-1 Joe McCarthy Won World Series over Chicago Cubs
1933 Washington Senators 99-53-1 Joe Cronin Lost World Series to New York Giants
1934 Detroit Tigers 101-53 Mickey Cochrane Lost World Series to St. Louis Cardinals
1935 Detroit Tigers 93-58-1 Mickey Cochrane Won World Series over Chicago Cubs
1936 New York Yankees 102-51-2 Joe McCarthy Won World Series over New York Giants
1937 New York Yankees 102-52-2-1 Joe McCarthy Won World Series over New York Giants
1938 New York Yankees 99-53-5 Joe McCarthy Won World Series over Chicago Cubs
1939 New York Yankees 106-45-1 Joe McCarthy Won World Series over Cincinnati Reds
1940 Detroit Tigers 90-64-1 Del Baker Lost World Series to Cincinnati Reds
1941 New York Yankees 101-53-2 Joe McCarthy Won World Series over Brooklyn Dodgers
1942 New York Yankees 103-51 Joe McCarthy Lost World Series to St. Louis Cardinals
1943 New York Yankees 98-56-1 Joe McCarthy Won World Series over St. Louis Cardinals
1944 St. Louis Browns 89-65 Luke Sewell Lost World Series to St. Louis Cardinals
1945 Detroit Tigers 88-65-2 Steve O'Neill Won World Series over Chicago Cubs
1946 Boston Red Sox 104-50-2 Joe Cronin Lost World Series to St. Louis Cardinals
1947 New York Yankees 97-57-1 Bucky Harris Won World Series over Brooklyn Dodgers
1948 Cleveland Indians 98-57-1 Lou Boudreau Won World Series over Boston Braves 3
1949 New York Yankees 97-57-1 Casey Stengel Won World Series over Brooklyn Dodgers
1950 New York Yankees 98-56-1 Casey Stengel Won World Series over Philadelphia Phillies
1951 New York Yankees 98-56 Casey Stengel Won World Series over New York Giants
1952 New York Yankees 95-59 Casey Stengel Won World Series over Brooklyn Dodgers
1953 New York Yankees 99-52 Casey Stengel Won World Series over Brooklyn Dodgers
1955 New York Yankees 96-58 Casey Stengel Lost World Series to Brooklyn Dodgers
1956 New York Yankees 97-57 Casey Stengel Won World Series over Brooklyn Dodgers
1957 New York Yankees 98-59 Casey Stengel Lost World Series to Milwaukee Braves
1958 New York Yankees 92-62-1 Casey Stengel Won World Series over Milwaukee Braves
1959 Chicago White Sox 94-60-2 Al Lopez Lost World Series to Los Angeles Dodgers
1960 New York Yankees 97-57-1 Casey Stengel Lost World Series to Pittsburgh Pirates
1961 New York Yankees 109-53-1 Ralph Houk Won World Series over Cincinnati Reds
1962 New York Yankees 96-66 Ralph Houk Won World Series over San Francisco Giants
1963 New York Yankees 104-57 Ralph Houk Lost World Series to Los Angeles Dodgers
1964 New York Yankees 99-63-2 Yogi Berra Lost World Series to St. Louis Cardinals
1965 Minnesota Twins 102-60 Sam Mele Lost World Series to Los Angeles Dodgers
1966 Baltimore Orioles 97-63 Hank Bauer Won World Series over Los Angeles Dodgers
1967 New York Yankees 92-70 Dick Williams Lost World Series to St. Louis Cardinals
1968 Detroit Tigers 103-59-2 Eddie Smith Won World Series over St. Louis Cardinals
1969 Baltimore Orioles 109-53 Earl Weaver Lost World Series to New York Mets
1970 Baltimore Orioles 108-54 Earl Weaver Won World Series over Cincinnati Reds
1971 Baltimore Orioles 101-57 Earl Weaver Lost World Series to Pittsburgh Pirates
1972 Oakland Athletics 93-62 Dick Williams Won World Series over Cincinnati Reds
1973 Oakland Athletics 94-68 Dick Williams Won World Series over New York Mets
1974 Oakland Athletics 90-72 Alvin Dark Won World Series over Los Angeles Dodgers
1975 Boston Red Sox 95-65 Darrell Johnson Lost World Series to Cincinnati Reds
1976 New York Yankees 97-62 Billy Martin Lost World Series to Cincinnati Reds
1977 New York Yankees 100-62 Billy Martin Won World Series over Los Angeles Dodgers
1978 New York Yankees 100-63 Billy Martin / Dick Howser / Bob Lemon Won World Series over Los Angeles Dodgers
1979 Baltimore Orioles 102-57 Earl Weaver Lost World Series to Pittsburgh Pirates
1980 Kansas City Royals 97-65 Jim Frey Lost World Series to Philadelphia Phillies
1981 New York Yankees 59-48 Gene Michael / Bob Lemon Lost World Series to Los Angeles Dodgers 4
1982 Milwaukee Brewers 95-67-1 Buck Rodgers / Harvey Kuenn Lost World Series to St. Louis Cardinals
1983 Baltimore Orioles 98-64 Joe Altobelli Won World Series over Philadelphia Phillies
1984 Detroit Tigers 104-58 Sparky Anderson Won World Series over San Diego Padres
1985 Kansas City Royals 91-71 Dick Howser Won World Series over St. Louis Cardinals
1986 Boston Red Sox 95-66 John McNamara Lost World Series to New York Mets
1987 Minnesota Twins 85-77 Tom Kelly Won World Series over St. Louis Cardinals
1988 Oakland Athletics 104-58 Tony LaRussa Lost World Series to Los Angeles Dodgers
1989 Oakland Athletics 99-63 Tony LaRussa Won World Series over San Francisco Giants
1990 Oakland Athletics 103-59 Tony LaRussa Lost World Series to Cincinnati Reds
1991 Minnesota Twins 95-67 Tom Kelly Won World Series over Atlanta Braves
1992 Toronto Blue Jays 96-66 Cito Gaston Won World Series over Atlanta Braves
1993 Toronto Blue Jays 95-67 Cito Gaston Won World Series over Philadelphia Phillies
1994 New York Yankees 70-43 Buck Showalter none 5
1995 Cleveland Indians 100-44 Mike Hargrove Lost World Series to Atlanta Braves
1996 New York Yankees 92-70 Joe Torre Won World Series over Atlanta Braves
1997 Cleveland Indians 86-75 Mike Hargrove Lost World Series to Florida Marlins
1998 New York Yankees 114-48 Joe Torre Won World Series over San Diego Padres
1999 New York Yankees 98-64 Joe Torre / Don Zimmer Won World Series over Atlanta Braves
2000 New York Yankees 87-74 Joe Torre Won World Series over New York Mets
2001 New York Yankees 95-65 Joe Torre Lost World Series to Arizona Diamondbacks
2002 Anaheim Angels 99-63 Mike Scioscia Won World Series over San Francisco Giants
2003 New York Yankees 101-61 Joe Torre Lost World Series to Florida Marlins
2004 Boston Red Sox 98-64 Terry Francona Won World Series over St. Louis Cardinals
2005 Chicago White Sox 99-63 Ozzie Guillen Won World Series over Houston Astros
2006 Detroit Tigers 95-67 Phil Garner Lost World Series to St. Louis Cardinals
2007 Boston Red Sox 96-66 Terry Francona Won World Series over Colorado Rockies
2008 Tampa Bay Rays 97-65 Joe Maddon Lost World Series to Philadelphia Phillies
2009 New York Yankees 103-59 Joe Girardi Won World Series over Philaldelphia Phillies
2010 Texas Rangers 90-72 Ron Washington Lost World Series to San Francisco Giants
2011 Texas Rangers 96-66 Ron Washington Lost World Series to St. Louis Cardinals
2012 Detroit Tigers 88-74 Jim Leyland Lost World Series to San Francisco Giants
2013 Boston Red Sox 97-65 John Farrell Won World Series over St. Louis Cardinals
2014 Kansas City Royals 89-73 Ned Yost

Notes:

  1. The World Series was played in a best-of-nine format
  2. The New York Giants declined to play the American League champions; there was no World Series
  3. Won one-game playoff against Boston Red Sox
  4. The season was shortened by a strike; a special postseason format was used
  5. The season was ended by a strike and the postseason was cancelled; the Yankees had the best record in the league when the season ended

[edit] Sources

[edit] Further Reading

  • Paul Hensler: The American League in Transition, 1965-1975: How Competition Thrived When the Yankees Didn't, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2013. ISBN 978-0-7864-4626-1
  • Donald Honig: The American League: An Illustrated History, Crown Publishers, New York, NY, 1983. ISBN 0517550423
  • Warren N. Wilbert: The Arrival of the American League: Ban Johnson and the 1901 Challenge of the National League Monopoly, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2007.

[edit] Related Sites

  • [1] An article examining the differences between the American and National Leagues over the decades in The Hardball Times, part 1.
  • [2] An article examining the differences between the American and National Leagues over the decades in The Hardball Times, part 2.


    MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL    

NATIONAL LEAGUE
EASTERN DIVISION

Atlanta Braves
Miami Marlins
New York Mets
Philadelphia Phillies
Washington Nationals

CENTRAL DIVISION

Chicago Cubs
Cincinnati Reds
Milwaukee Brewers
Pittsburgh Pirates
St. Louis Cardinals

WESTERN DIVISION

Arizona Diamondbacks
Colorado Rockies
Los Angeles Dodgers
San Diego Padres
San Francisco Giants


AMERICAN LEAGUE
EASTERN DIVISION

Baltimore Orioles
Boston Red Sox
New York Yankees
Tampa Bay Rays
Toronto Blue Jays

CENTRAL DIVISION

Chicago White Sox
Cleveland Indians
Detroit Tigers
Kansas City Royals
Minnesota Twins

WESTERN DIVISION

Houston Astros
Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim
Oakland Athletics
Seattle Mariners
Texas Rangers


Postseasons | Awards | Ballparks | Minor Leagues

Personal tools