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Al Spalding

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Albert Goodwill Spalding

Inducted into Hall of Fame in 1939

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[edit] Biographical Information

AGSpalding.jpg
"Two hours is about as long as any American can wait for the close of a baseball game, or anything else for that matter." - Al Spalding

Al Spalding was a formidable pitcher and baseball pioneer who became more powerful when he started the sporting goods firm that bore his name. In that role, he had an impact on the game that continues today. In the early part of the 20th century, he helped to convince the world, erroneously, that Abner Doubleday had invented the game of baseball in 1839.

Spalding began his career around age 17 before professional ball existed. He was lucky enough to live in Rockford, IL, a hotbed of early baseball, and joined the Rockford Forest Citys, where he made a name for himself. He especially earned attention when he beat the famous Cincinnati Red Stockings in 1870.

He became utterly dominant in the first professional league, the National Association, where he led the league in wins during all five years of its existence. When the National League started in 1876, he led the league in its first year as well. He also managed a couple of years, winning the league's first pennant. After retiring as a player, he worked in the front office of the Chicago White Stockings, and eventually became the team's owner. As such, he had a long relationship with Cap Anson, with whom he eventually had friction when Anson was fired as manager in 1897, after serving in that capacity for nearly 20 years.

Spalding started his sporting goods store in Chicago, IL with his brother in 1876, and eventually had stores all over the country, becoming a leading manufacturer of baseball and other sports equipment. In particular, the rubber Spalding ball, known colloquially as a spaldeen was the standard for games of stickball in New York City in the 1940s and 1950s. The Spalding Brothers Company also published one of the earliest baseball guides.

In 1910, Spalding ran for the U.S. Senate. In 1911, he wrote America's National Game, described by historian David Nemec as the first serious history of baseball.

[edit] Notable Achievements

  • NA At Bats Leader (1874)
  • NA Singles Leader (1874)
  • 2-time NA ERA Leader (1872 & 1875)
  • 6-time League Wins Leader (1871-1875/NA & 1876/NL)
  • 4-time League Winning Percentage Leader (1873-1875/NA & 1876/NL)
  • 3-time NA Games Pitched Leader (1873-1875)
  • 2-time NA Saves Leader (1873 & 1875)
  • 2-time NA Innings Pitched Leader (1874 & 1874)
  • NA Complete Games Leader (1874)
  • 4-time NA Shutouts Leader (1871, 1872, 1874 & 1875)
  • 20 Wins Seasons: 5 (1872-1876)
  • 30 Wins Seasons: 5 (1872-1876)
  • 40 Wins Seasons: 4 (1873-1876)
  • 50 Wins Seasons: 2 (1874 & 1875)
  • 200 Innings Pitched Seasons: 6 (1871-1876)
  • 300 Innings Pitched Seasons: 5 (1872-1876)
  • 400 Innings Pitched Seasons: 5 (1872-1876)
  • 500 Innings Pitched Seasons: 3 (1874-1876)
  • 600 Innings Pitched Seasons: 1 (1874)
  • NL Pennants: 1 (1876)
  • Baseball Hall of Fame: Class of 1939


Preceded by
N/A
Chicago White Stockings Manager
1876-1877
Succeeded by
Bob Ferguson

[edit] Further Reading

  • Mark Lamster: Spalding's World Tour: The Epic Adventure that took Baseball Around the Globe and Made it America's Game, Public Affairs Books, New York, NY, 2006.
  • Albert Spalding: America's National Game, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NE, 1992 (originally published in 1911). ISBN 978-0803292079

[edit] Related Sites

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