1942 in the Negro Leagues

From BR Bullpen

1942 in baseball
Japanese baseball
American League
National League
Negro Leagues
<< 1941 1943 >>

1942 in the Negro Leagues


Standings[edit]

BOLD indicates League Champion

Newspapers reported unofficial NNL standings throughout the season, and the accepted standings come from such reports. The NAL did not publish standings regularly beyond the first few weeks of the season. Standings were extrapolated from scattered news reports. More accurate standings have been calculated from further research.

Robert Peterson, in his acclaimed work Only the Ball Was White, listed standings for the Negro National League as reported in African-American newspapers of the day; the National American League did not publish its final standings that season. John Holway, in his Complete Book of Baseball's Negro Leagues listed the standings of both leagues for the first time. Since that time, SABR's Negro Leagues Committee (NLC) has published their estimated standings as an ongoing part of their Negro League Hall of Fame project, and the duty is now in the hands of Seamheads, and it remains an ongoing project to find reports of all games. Standings as currently known for 1942 are as follows:

Negro National League[edit]

Rank Team G W L T PCT GB Manager Ballpark(s)
1 Washington Homestead
Grays
76 50 23 3 .685 -- Vic Harris Griffith Stadium (Washington, DC)
Forbes Field (Pittsburgh, PA)
2 Baltimore Elite Giants 72 42 30 0 .583 7.5 Felton Snow Bugle Field (Baltimore, MD)
3 Philadelphia Stars 65 32 31 2 .508 13 Goose Curry 44th & Parkway Park (Philadelphia, PA)
4 Newark Eagles 67 29 36 2 .446 17 Willie Wells Ruppert Stadium (Newark, NJ)
5 New York Cubans 43 12 30 1 .286 22.5 Jose Fernandez Yankee Stadium (New York, NY)
6 New York Black Yankees 33 9 24 0 .273 21 Tex Burnett Yankee Stadium (New York, NY)

Negro American League[edit]

Rank Team G W L T PCT GB Manager Ballpark(s)
1 Kansas City Monarchs 57 40 17 0 .702 -- Dizzy Dismukes/
Frank Duncan
Ruppert Stadium
(Kansas City, MO)
2 Cincinnati-Cleveland
Buckeyes
62 41 20 1 .672 1 Walter Burch/
Parnell Woods
League Park (Cleveland, OH)
Crosley Field (Cincinnati, OH)
Athletic Park (Meadville, PA)
3 Birmingham Black Barons 63 34 29 0 .540 9 Winfield Welch Rickwood Field (Birmingham, AL)
4 Memphis Red Sox 69 35 34 0 .507 11 Larry Brown Martin Park (Memphis, TN)
5 Chicago American Giants 52 14 37 1 .275 23 Candy Jim Taylor Comiskey Park (Chicago, IL)
6 Jacksonville Red Caps 41 7 34 0 .171 25 Jabbo Andrews Douglas Field (Jacksonville, FL)

Overall Standings[edit]

Overall standings include intraleague exhibition and postseason games not counted in the regular season, and interleague games during the regular season. It did not include games against teams of the Negro Southern League or Negro Major League, the Negro World Series, nor games by or against "All-Star" teams. Much of the advantage the NNL held over the NAL was because of the Buckeyes' poor showing against Homestead and Newark.

Rank Team G W L T PCT
1 Grays 103 73 27 3 .730
2 Monarchs 71 48 23 0 .676
3 Elite Giants 78 45 33 0 .577
4 Buckeyes 87 46 40 1 .535
5 Stars 72 36 34 2 .514
6 Red Sox 77 39 37 1 .513
7 Black Barons 72 36 36 0 .500
8 Eagles 76 36 38 2 .486
9 Cubans 54 18 35 1 .340
10 Black Yankees 40 13 26 1 .333
11 American Giants 63 14 48 1 .226
12 Red Caps 41 7 34 0 .171

Notes[edit]

Many teams were hit hard by the military draft, with players being called into service mid-season. The Negro leagues were hit much harder than their white counterparts, given their smaller rosters (generally 16-17 men per team) and the lack of organized farm systems. There was serious discussion throughout the season whether or not to suspend operations in 1943.

Hard pressed for cash, the Jacksonville Red Caps sold or traded most of their best players by June, and reverted to paying their players on a semi-pro basis (sharing of the gate receipts), though they continued to play games against the other NAL teams.

The Buckeyes officially represented both Cincinnati and Cleveland. They scheduled seven home dates (13 games) at Crosley Field in Cincinnati; eight home dates (14 games) at League Park in Cleveland, and also scheduled eight dates and as many games in Athletic Park, a small amateur park in Meadville, PA, where one of the team officials resided. Due to rainouts, they played 12 home games in Cleveland, eight in Cincinnati, and seven in Meadville.

There were a number of "unofficial" games played in the NNL (scheduled mostly in neutral parks and not counted in the standings), and a large number of interleague games that did not count in either league's standings. The Monarchs and Grays played three games against each other during the summer, with Satchel Paige starting in each for the Monarchs. All three games went extra innings, all were decided by one run, and all were won by the Grays, Paige taking the loss in two. The "League" standings as reported above include all games (including neutral-site games) between teams of the same league played during the regular season (May 9-September 7).

Postseason[edit]

For the first time since 1927, the Negro World Series was resumed. The Negro National League and Negro American League had co-existed since 1937, but this was the first postseason series between their champions. The Kansas City Monarchs (NAL) defeated the Washington Homestead Grays (NNL), 4 games to none.

East-West Games[edit]

Two East-West games were played. In the regular game at Comiskey Park on August 16, with an attendance of 45,179. The East squad won the game, 5-2.

A second East-West game was arranged at Cleveland's Municipal Stadium, with the proceeds going to the Army-Navy Relief Fund. Attendance was only 10,791, and the East won again, this time by a score of 9-2.

Statistical Leaders[edit]

Original statistics compiled by SABR's Negro Leagues Committee / Updated and published by Seamheads.com

Negro National League[edit]

Batters[edit]

Pitchers[edit]

  • W: Ray Brown, HOM, 11 / 2 tied Ray Brown, HOM and Bill Byrd, BEG, 10
  • L: Barney Brown, PHS, 10 / Barney Brown, PHS, 9
  • WL Pct: Leniel Hooker, PHS, 1.000 (5-0) / Leniel Hooker, PHS, .857 (6-1)
  • IP: Barney Brown, PHS, 159 / Barney Brown, PHS, 153.33
  • SO: Dave Barnhill, NYC, 61 / Leon Day, NWE, 86
  • CG: Barney Brown, PHS, 14 / Barney Brown, PHS, 13

Negro American League[edit]

Batters[edit]

  • BA: Willard Brown, KCM, .370 / Bonnie Serrell, KCM, .366
  • SLG: Willard Brown, KCM, .575 / Neil Robinson, MRS, .584
  • OBP: Ted Strong, KCM, .400 / Lloyd Davenport, BBB, .431
  • OPS: Willard Brown, KCM, .973 / Ted Strong, KCM, .982
  • H: Willard Brown, KCM, 47 / Willard Brown, KCM, 55
  • 2B: Willard Brown, KCM, 7 / Sam Jethroe, CCB, 10
  • 3B: Bonnie Serrell, KCM, 4 / Bonnie Serrell, 6
  • HR: 3 tied (Willard Brown, KCM, Joe Greene, KCM, Ted Strong, KCM), 5 / Ted Strong, KCM, 7
  • R: Ted Strong, KCM, 30 / Ted Strong, KCM, 37
  • SB: Jesse Williams, KCM, 7 / Cowan Hyde, MRS, 8

Pitchers[edit]

  • W: Jack Matchett, KCM, 9 / Diamond Pipkins, BBB, 7
  • L: Verdell Mathis, MRS, 6 / 4 tied Paige, KCM, Ferrell, CAG, McKinnis, BBB, and Mathis, MRS, 5
  • WL Pct: Connie Johnson, KCM, 1.000 (5-0) / Connie Johnson, KCM, 1.000 (4-0)
  • IP: Satchel Paige, KCM, 94.33 / Satchel Paige, KCM, 88.67
  • SO: Satchel Paige, KCM, 74 / Satchel Paige, KCM, 74
  • CG: 2 tied (Verdell Mathis, MRS and Eugene Bremer, CCB), 6 / Verdell Mathis, MRS, 7

Negro Major Baseball League[edit]

It was generally known simply as the Negro Major League; contrary to that name, this was a Negro minor league, frequently serving as a minor league to the two established leagues. Few box scores were published, team standings were never listed, and no player statistics were generated. Most games were played at neutral sites, though most teams had (at least part-time) home ballparks. The Cincinnati Ethiopian Clowns were reported to have had the league's best record, with the Chicago Brown Bombers second-best. Teams were:

Two semi-pro Philadelphia-area teams, the Daisies and Meteors, were affiliated with the NML, and hosted games with

Notable Events[edit]

  • February 28: The NNL released its first-half schedule (through the July 4 weekend) at their regular meeting, and rejected Gus Greenlee's application to have his Pittsburgh Crawfords readmitted into the league. Greenlee himself did not show up, claiming illness, but also failed to send any other representative for the team. Besides his failure to appear or have a representative at the meeting (in order to discuss dates, home grounds, etc.), the league's main reason for rejection was that the player reserve list that had earlier been submitted by Greenlee consisted almost entirely of players currently under contract to other NNL clubs.
  • March 19: Jackie Robinson, four-sport star UCLA athlete, and Nate Moreland, veteran of both the Negro National League and Mexican League arrived unannounced and asked for tryouts with the Chicago White Sox at their training camp in Pasadena, but White Sox manager Jimmy Dykes turned them down, explaining that it was not up to him, but to the owners of the club. According to Dykes, "There is no clause in the National Baseball Federation's constitution, nor is there one in the bylaws of the major leagues which prevents Negro ball players from participation in Organized Baseball. Rather it is an unwritten law. The matter is out of the hands of us managers. We are powerless to act and it's strictly up to the club owners and Judge Landis to start the ball rolling. Go after them!" Dykes went on to say that he would hire Negro players if he were allowed, and that he believed that all 15 other major league managers would do as well if not prevented by owners. A few years before, seeing him play in California's semi-pro circuit, Dykes had declared Robinson to be "worth $50,000 of anybody's money."
  • May 31: One week after having faced the Monarchs squad, Dean's All-Stars lost to the Homestead Grays 8-1 in Griffith Stadium, with Satchel Paige, on temporary loan from the Monarchs, pitching the first three innings for the Grays. This game drew approximately 22,000 spectators.
  • June 4: Without mentioning Dean or Paige by name, Commissioner Landis ordered an end to all such games, citing the fact that they are not officially sanctioned as Army-Navy Relief Fund games, were for commercial profit, and were possibly drawing fans away from the official "relief" games. A planned contest scheduled in Indianapolis was summarily cancelled.
  • July 5: The Jacksonville Red Caps lost by forfeit to the Red Sox when they failed to show for the game in Memphis. Having sold or traded its best players to other teams, the Red Caps continued to play NAL teams when they could afford the transportation and other expenses, operating as a semi-pro team. They would still finish with a better won-lost record than the Chicago American Giants.
  • July 17: Following a closed-door discussion with Brooklyn Dodgers manager Leo Durocher, in which Durocher reportedly denied responsibility for a quote in the New York Daily Worker blaming the owners of big league clubs for segregation, Commissioner Landis issued an official statement saying "Negroes are not barred Organized Baseball by the Commissioner and never have in my 21 years I have served as Commissioner. There is no rule in Organized baseball prohibiting their participation and never has been to my knowledge. If Durocher or any other manager, or all of them want to sign one or 25 Negro players, it's all right with me."
When asked for comment later that same day, James Gallagher, GM of the Cubs, shifted blame, claiming that "our scouts have never recommended a Negro player." Gallagher then shifted the focus, saying "Personally, I think everybody in this country should be doing something of more value to the nation as a whole than stirring up racial hatred."
Pittsburgh Pirates owner Bill Benswanger also went on record that same day, saying, "I agree with Judge Landis' statement. There is not and never has been, to my knowledge, anything to ban Negroes from baseball. I know nothing of any agreement in the major leagues to ban Negroes. I have gone on record before on this matter and I hope I still have a free mind and a free conscience." Benswager was soon called on his statement by newspapers, and found himself promising tryouts for worthy Negro players.
  • July 24: Leon Day of the Newark Eagles struck out 18 Baltimore batters, breaking Satchel Paige's previous NNL record of 17. Day pitched a 1-hitter and walked only one, winning 8-1. The Elites' only run scored on two errors in the 9th.
  • July 27: Brooklyn Dodgers president Larry MacPhail disputed Landis' earlier statement, saying "any statement that there is no agreement, formal or informal, barring Negroes from playing in Organized Baseball is 100% pure hypocrisy."
MacPhail himself was opposed to integration, offering the disingenuous logic of concern for Negro leagues owners, claiming "there aren't too many players in the Negro National and American Leagues, so if they should lose their best players to the majors, their own clubs would be hurt at the gate."
  • August 6: The Sporting News published an editorial titled "No Good From Raising the Race Issue", arguing that "mixed" teams were not in the best interest of baseball or of baseball fans. Further, it stated that "there are agitators, ever ready to seize an issue that will redound to their profit or self aggrandizement, who have sought to force Negro players on the big leagues." The editorial further argued that segregation was a beneficial concept, and that both races were happy with the situation as it currently stands.
  • August 6: Having promised tryouts earlier to Roy Campanella, Sammy T. Hughes, and Dave Barnhill and set this day as the date, Pirates owner Benswanger postponed indefinitely, citing unnamed pressures. General opinion in the press, both black and white, was that other owners had brought pressure on him to not hold the tryouts. Tryouts for the three would not be offered again.
  • August 27: The Chicago American Giants were forced to cancel a game with the Birmingham Black Barons scheduled for the next evening in Belleville, IL, after having lost several starters over the previous week to draft board call-ups. The Giants returned to Chicago where they signed replacements to fill out their roster for the remaining weeks. The Black Barons rescheduled the planned game with a local semi-pro team.
  • September 2: In Meadville, PA's Athletic Park, the Cleveland Buckeyes, using Meadville as a third home park, beat the Jacksonville Red Caps 6-4. Pitching for the visitors, Charles "Lefty" Boone struck out 18 Buckeye batters in eight innings; with the hometown Buckeyes winning, Boone lost the opportunity to pitch the ninth and add to his total. Buckeyes pitcher Alonzo Boone, no relation to Lefty, got the victory.
  • September 7: At about 3 AM, two Buckeye players, catcher Ulysses "Buster" Brown and pitcher Raymond "Smokey" Owens, were killed instantly in a two-car crash just west of Geneva, Ohio on westbound US Highway 20. Two other players, pitchers Gene Bremer and Herman Watts, were seriously injured. Bremer suffered a concussion and Watts dislocated his pelvis. Team business manager Wilbur Hayes and pitcher Alonzo Boone were slightly injured as well, suffering cuts and bruises.
The players were in one of four automobiles on a post-season barnstorming tour, the team's bus being sidelined for repairs. The team was on its way from Buffalo, New York, where they had played a Sunday double-header with the New York Black Yankees, to Akron, OH, where a single game was scheduled against the same team. The other three cars were further enroute to Akron, further ahead of the fourth, which had been delayed by a flat tire.
Having just finished changing the flat tire at the side of Highway 20, the Buckeyes were hit at a high speed by a truck when they attempted to re-enter the highway. The force of the crash threw Hayes and Boone out of the car, and pushed both vehicles across the highway and into a tree, where Brown and Owens were crushed to death. The car overturned and pinned Watts' leg beneath it.
Despite the deaths of two starting players and severe injuries to two others, the Buckeyes still completed their scheduled barnstorming tour. When they appeared in Cincinnati's Crosley Field on the 9th, they were greeted with a standing ovation from fans.
  • December 3: At a regular meeting of the NL and AL with Commissioner Landis in Chicago, a committee of the Chicago CIO attempted to present a petition to the Commissioner and leagues to actively consider racial integration. Citing procedural rules, Landis refused to see them or consider their petition, passing the word through an assistant.

Sources[edit]

Negro League Seasons

Early Era
1800s · 1900s
1910 · 1911 · 1912 · 1913 · 1914 · 1915 · 1916 · 1917 · 1918 · 1919
Middle Era
1920 · 1921 · 1922 · 1923 · 1924 · 1925 · 1926 · 1927 · 1928 · 1929
1930 · 1931 · 1932 · 1933 · 1934 · 1935 · 1936 · 1937 · 1938 · 1939
1940 · 1941 · 1942 · 1943 · 1944 · 1945
Late Era
1946 · 1947 · 1948 · 1949 · 1950
1950s · 1960s