Mobile Site You Are Here > Home > Box Scores > 1985 > Oct 2, 1985, Mets at Cardinals Play by Play and Box Score

View a short video showing advanced box score features / click orange/red text for additional info

Scores
Standings
SEA
@CLE
2
12
TOR
@DET
2
4
CAL
@KCR
0
4
CHW
@MIN
1
3
MIL
@NYY
1
0
OAK
@TEX
14
3
PIT
@CHC
9
4
ATL
@LAD
3
9
PHI
@MON
1
3
PHI
@MON
3
2
CIN
@SDP
4
5
HOU
@SFG
7
2
NYM
@STL
5
2
Wednesday, October 2, 1985,
, Busch Stadium II
Attendance: 47,333, Time of Game: 3:07
Mets
5
97-61
 Won 4 
2nd, 1 GB
at Cardinals
2
98-60
 Lost 3 
1st
W: Dwight Gooden (24-4)
L: Joaquin Andujar (21-11)
                1  2  3   4  5  6   7  8  9    R  H  E
                -  -  -   -  -  -   -  -  -    -  -  -
Mets            1  1  0   0  1  0   2  0  0    5 13  1
Cardinals       0  1  0   0  0  0   0  0  1    2  9  2

New York Mets

Batting AB R H RBI BB SO PA BA OBP SLG OPS WPA aLI WPA+ WPA- RE24 PO A
Mookie Wilson CF 4 0 1 1 1 1 5 .270 .326 .416 .742 -0.041 0.62 0.043 -0.083 -0.3 2 0 CS,GDP,IW
Wally Backman 2B 5 1 2 0 0 0 5 .277 .324 .350 .674 0.017 0.53 0.050 -0.033 -0.1 1 1 2B,SB
Keith Hernandez 1B 5 0 1 0 0 0 5 .300 .377 .417 .794 0.050 0.56 0.073 -0.024 -0.4 8 1
Gary Carter C 4 0 1 1 0 0 4 .283 .366 .494 .861 0.007 0.88 0.070 -0.064 -0.4 11 1 GDP
Darryl Strawberry RF 3 0 0 0 1 2 4 .268 .385 .546 .931 -0.104 0.77 0.001 -0.104 -1.1 0 0 GDP,IW
George Foster LF 4 2 3 1 0 0 4 .265 .335 .465 .800 0.127 0.55 0.132 -0.005 1.2 2 0 HR
Howard Johnson 3B 4 0 2 0 0 0 4 .244 .304 .398 .701 0.033 0.60 0.090 -0.057 0.9 0 3 SB,GDP
Rafael Santana SS 4 2 3 0 0 0 4 .263 .301 .309 .609 0.022 0.68 0.077 -0.055 0.9 2 2 2B
Dwight Gooden P 2 0 0 1 0 0 4 .226 .265 .280 .545 0.078 0.89 0.085 -0.007 0.2 1 1 2·SH
Team Totals 35 5 13 4 2 3 39 .371 .405 .514 .920 0.189 0.66 0.621 -0.432 0.9 27 9
2B: R Santana (19, off J Andujar); W Backman (24, off B Campbell).
HR: G Foster (21, off J Andujar, 7th inn, 0 on, 0 outs).
SH: D Gooden 2 (9, 2 off J Andujar).
IBB: D Strawberry (13, by B Campbell); M Wilson (6, by B Campbell).
TB: G Foster 6; R Santana 4; W Backman 3; H Johnson 2; G Carter; M Wilson; K Hernandez.
GIDP: H Johnson (6); D Strawberry (7); M Wilson (8); G Carter (17).
RBI: G Foster (75); M Wilson (25); G Carter (99); D Gooden (9).
2-out RBI: M Wilson.
Team LOB: 7.
With RISP: 4 for 14.
Fielding
DP: 1. R Santana-K Hernandez.
E: H Johnson (17).
Baserunning
SB: W Backman (30, 2nd base off J Andujar/D Porter); H Johnson (6, 2nd base off B Campbell/D Porter).
CS: M Wilson (9, 2nd base by P Perry POCS).

St. Louis Cardinals

Batting AB R H RBI BB SO PA BA OBP SLG OPS WPA aLI WPA+ WPA- RE24 PO A
Vince Coleman LF 5 0 1 1 0 2 5 .264 .318 .331 .649 -0.086 0.91 0.025 -0.111 -0.1 1 0 GDP
Willie McGee CF 5 0 1 0 0 0 5 .354 .386 .504 .890 0.093 0.86 0.140 -0.047 0.5 1 0
Tom Herr 2B 4 0 2 0 1 0 5 .305 .383 .422 .805 -0.129 1.25 0.053 -0.182 -0.9 4 8 SB
Jack Clark 1B 4 0 0 0 0 3 4 .281 .394 .509 .903 -0.107 0.99 0.000 -0.107 -1.0 11 1
Andy Van Slyke RF 4 1 2 0 0 0 4 .259 .335 .433 .769 0.046 1.05 0.118 -0.072 0.3 1 0 CS
Terry Pendleton 3B 4 0 0 0 0 1 4 .237 .284 .305 .589 -0.121 1.32 0.000 -0.121 -1.0 2 2
Darrell Porter C 4 0 2 1 0 1 4 .215 .327 .408 .735 0.126 0.97 0.173 -0.047 1.1 4 0 3B,2B
Ozzie Smith SS 2 1 1 0 2 0 4 .275 .355 .358 .713 -0.020 0.98 0.046 -0.067 0.0 3 6 IW
Joaquin Andujar P 2 0 0 0 0 2 2 .106 .152 .128 .279 -0.098 1.92 0.000 -0.098 -0.7 0 0
   Pat Perry P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .500 .500 .500 1.000 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.0 0 1
   Steve Braun PH 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 .234 .333 .344 .677 -0.027 1.21 0.000 -0.027 -0.3
   Bill Campbell P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .333 .556 .333 .889 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.0 0 0
   Curt Ford PH 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 .500 .667 .625 1.292 0.009 0.26 0.009 0.000 0.2
Team Totals 35 2 9 2 4 10 39 .257 .333 .343 .676 -0.314 1.07 0.564 -0.879 -2.1 27 18
2B: D Porter (11, off D Gooden).
3B: D Porter (2, off D Gooden).
IBB: O Smith (10, by D Gooden).
TB: D Porter 5; T Herr 2; A Van Slyke 2; O Smith; W McGee; V Coleman.
GIDP: V Coleman (3).
RBI: D Porter (36); V Coleman (37).
2-out RBI: V Coleman.
Team LOB: 10.
With RISP: 3 for 9.
Fielding
DP: 4. T Herr-O Smith-J Clark 2; O Smith-T Herr-J Clark; T Herr-J Clark.
E: T Pendleton (18); J Andujar (6).
Baserunning
SB: T Herr (31, 2nd base off D Gooden/G Carter).
CS: A Van Slyke (6, 2nd base by D Gooden/G Carter).

New York Mets

Pitching IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA BF GSc IR IS WPA aLI RE24
Dwight Gooden, W (24-4) 9 9 2 2 4 10 0 1.53 39 67 0.313 1.07 2.1
Team Totals 9 9 2 2 4 10 0 2.00 39 67 0.313 1.07 2.1

St. Louis Cardinals

Pitching IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA BF GSc IR IS WPA aLI RE24
Joaquin Andujar, L (21-11) 6.2 10 5 5 0 3 1 3.35 28 37 -0.201 0.90 -2.0
Pat Perry 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 1 0 0.004 0.31 0.2
Bill Campbell 2 3 0 0 2 0 0 3.27 11 0 0 0.009 0.12 0.9
Team Totals 9 13 5 5 2 3 1 5.00 39 37 1 0 -0.188 0.66 -0.9
Balks: None.
WP: D Gooden (6).
HBP: None.
IBB: B Campbell 2 (9; D Strawberry, M Wilson); D Gooden (4; O Smith).
Pickoffs: P Perry (1; M Wilson, 2nd base (CS)).

Other Info

Umpires: HP - Lee Weyer, 1B - Ed Montague, 2B - Fred Brocklander, 3B - Dutch Rennert.
Time of Game: 3:07.
Attendance: 47,333.
Field Condition: Unknown.
Start Time Weather: Unknown.

Starting Lineups

Win Probability Chart

Explanation of WPA  · Mouse over chart for play descriptions  · See below chart for tools  · Direct Link in URL Bar

Clear Chart
Big Plays
Scoring Plays
Fix Chart in View While Scrolling

Hold mouse over play on chart to see description of play.
Leverage is shown below the chart Low to High.

Top 5 Plays

View Pitches · wWE and wWPA Explanation
Inn Score Out RoB Pit(cnt) R/O @Bat Batter Pitcher wWPA wWE Play Description
b2 0-2 1 -2- R STL D. Porter D. Gooden -14% 51% Triple; Van Slyke Scores
b5 1-3 1 --3 O STL T. Herr D. Gooden 9% 77% Fielder's Choice 3B; McGee out at Hm/3B-C; Herr to 1B
b9 2-5 2 123 O STL T. Herr D. Gooden 9% 100% Lineout: 2B
b5 1-3 1 --- STL W. McGee D. Gooden -9% 68% Reached on E5 (Ground Ball); McGee to 3B
t2 1-0 0 1-- NYM H. Johnson J. Andujar 9% 73% Single; Foster to 3B

Play By Play

Inn Score Out RoB Pit(cnt) R/O @Bat Batter Pitcher wWPA wWE Play Description
Top of the 1st, Mets Batting, Tied 0-0, Cardinals' Joaquin Andujar facing 1-2-3
t1 0-0 0 --- O NYM M. Wilson J. Andujar -2% 48% Strikeout
t1 0-0 1 --- NYM W. Backman J. Andujar 2% 50% Single
t1 0-0 1 1-- NYM K. Hernandez J. Andujar 2% 52% Backman Steals 2B
t1 0-0 1 -2- NYM K. Hernandez J. Andujar 5% 57% Single; Backman to 3B
t1 0-0 1 1-3 R NYM G. Carter J. Andujar 7% 64% Single; Backman Scores; Hernandez to 2B
t1 1-0 1 12- OO NYM D. Strawberry J. Andujar -8% 56% Ground Ball Double Play: SS-2B-1B
1 run, 3 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Mets 1, Cardinals 0.
Bottom of the 1st, Cardinals Batting, Behind 0-1, Mets' Dwight Gooden facing 1-2-3
b1 0-1 0 --- O STL V. Coleman D. Gooden 2% 59% Strikeout
b1 0-1 1 --- O STL W. McGee D. Gooden 2% 60% Groundout: 3B-1B
b1 0-1 2 --- STL T. Herr D. Gooden -1% 59% Walk
b1 0-1 2 1-- STL J. Clark D. Gooden -1% 58% Herr Steals 2B
b1 0-1 2 -2- O STL J. Clark D. Gooden 3% 61% Strikeout
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Mets 1, Cardinals 0.
Top of the 2nd, Mets Batting, Ahead 1-0, Cardinals' Joaquin Andujar facing 6-7-8
t2 1-0 0 --- NYM G. Foster J. Andujar 3% 65% Single
t2 1-0 0 1-- NYM H. Johnson J. Andujar 9% 73% Single; Foster to 3B
t2 1-0 0 1-3 O NYM R. Santana J. Andujar -5% 68% Lineout: 3B
t2 1-0 1 1-3 RO NYM D. Gooden J. Andujar 2% 69% Groundout: SS-2B/Forceout at 2B; Foster Scores
t2 2-0 2 1-- O NYM M. Wilson J. Andujar -2% 68% Groundout: SS-2B/Forceout at 2B
1 run, 2 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Mets 2, Cardinals 0.
Bottom of the 2nd, Cardinals Batting, Behind 0-2, Mets' Dwight Gooden facing 5-6-7
b2 0-2 0 --- STL A. Van Slyke D. Gooden -4% 64% Single
b2 0-2 0 1-- O STL T. Pendleton D. Gooden 4% 67% Flyball: LF
b2 0-2 1 1-- STL D. Porter D. Gooden -2% 66% Wild Pitch; Van Slyke to 2B
b2 0-2 1 -2- R STL D. Porter D. Gooden -14% 51% Triple; Van Slyke Scores
b2 1-2 1 --3 O STL O. Smith D. Gooden 7% 58% Groundout: 3B-1B
b2 1-2 2 --3 O STL J. Andujar D. Gooden 4% 62% Strikeout
1 run, 2 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Mets 2, Cardinals 1.
Top of the 3rd, Mets Batting, Ahead 2-1, Cardinals' Joaquin Andujar facing 2-3-4
t3 2-1 0 --- O NYM W. Backman J. Andujar -2% 60% Groundout: 2B-1B
t3 2-1 1 --- O NYM K. Hernandez J. Andujar -1% 59% Lineout: 3B
t3 2-1 2 --- O NYM G. Carter J. Andujar -1% 58% Flyball: CF
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Mets 2, Cardinals 1.
Bottom of the 3rd, Cardinals Batting, Behind 1-2, Mets' Dwight Gooden facing 1-2-3
b3 1-2 0 --- O STL V. Coleman D. Gooden 3% 60% Flyball: LF
b3 1-2 1 --- O STL W. McGee D. Gooden 2% 62% Groundout: P-1B
b3 1-2 2 --- STL T. Herr D. Gooden -2% 61% Single
b3 1-2 2 1-- O STL J. Clark D. Gooden 3% 63% Strikeout
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Mets 2, Cardinals 1.
Top of the 4th, Mets Batting, Ahead 2-1, Cardinals' Joaquin Andujar facing 5-6-7
t4 2-1 0 --- O NYM D. Strawberry J. Andujar -2% 61% Strikeout
t4 2-1 1 --- NYM G. Foster J. Andujar 2% 64% Single
t4 2-1 1 1-- OO NYM H. Johnson J. Andujar -5% 59% Ground Ball Double Play: 2B-SS-1B
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Mets 2, Cardinals 1.
Bottom of the 4th, Cardinals Batting, Behind 1-2, Mets' Dwight Gooden facing 5-6-7
b4 1-2 0 --- O STL A. Van Slyke D. Gooden 3% 62% Groundout: 1B-P
b4 1-2 1 --- O STL T. Pendleton D. Gooden 2% 64% Groundout: SS-1B
b4 1-2 2 --- STL D. Porter D. Gooden -3% 61% Double
b4 1-2 2 -2- STL O. Smith D. Gooden -1% 59% Intentional Walk
b4 1-2 2 12- O STL J. Andujar D. Gooden 6% 65% Strikeout
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 2 LOB. Mets 2, Cardinals 1.
Top of the 5th, Mets Batting, Ahead 2-1, Cardinals' Joaquin Andujar facing 8-9-1
t5 2-1 0 --- NYM R. Santana J. Andujar 7% 72% Double
t5 2-1 0 -2- NYM D. Gooden J. Andujar 7% 78% Reached on E1/Sacrifice Bunt; Santana to 3B; Gooden to 1B
t5 2-1 0 1-3 ROO NYM M. Wilson J. Andujar -4% 74% Ground Ball Double Play: 2B-1B; Santana Scores
t5 3-1 2 --- O NYM W. Backman J. Andujar -1% 73% Groundout: 3B-1B
1 run, 1 hit, 1 error, 0 LOB. Mets 3, Cardinals 1.
Bottom of the 5th, Cardinals Batting, Behind 1-3, Mets' Dwight Gooden facing 1-2-3
b5 1-3 0 --- O STL V. Coleman D. Gooden 3% 76% Strikeout
b5 1-3 1 --- STL W. McGee D. Gooden -9% 68% Reached on E5 (Ground Ball); McGee to 3B
b5 1-3 1 --3 O STL T. Herr D. Gooden 9% 77% Fielder's Choice 3B; McGee out at Hm/3B-C; Herr to 1B
b5 1-3 2 1-- O STL J. Clark D. Gooden 3% 80% Groundout: 2B-1B
0 runs, 0 hits, 1 error, 1 LOB. Mets 3, Cardinals 1.
Top of the 6th, Mets Batting, Ahead 3-1, Cardinals' Joaquin Andujar facing 3-4-5
t6 3-1 0 --- NYM K. Hernandez J. Andujar 2% 82% Reached on E5 (Ground Ball); Hernandez to 1B
t6 3-1 0 1-- OO NYM G. Carter J. Andujar -5% 77% Ground Ball Double Play: 2B-SS-1B
t6 3-1 2 --- O NYM D. Strawberry J. Andujar -1% 76% Strikeout
0 runs, 0 hits, 1 error, 0 LOB. Mets 3, Cardinals 1.
Bottom of the 6th, Cardinals Batting, Behind 1-3, Mets' Dwight Gooden facing 5-6-7
b6 1-3 0 --- STL A. Van Slyke D. Gooden -6% 70% Single
b6 1-3 0 1-- O STL T. Pendleton D. Gooden 5% 76% Flyball: CF
b6 1-3 1 1-- O STL D. Porter D. Gooden 4% 80% Strikeout
b6 1-3 2 1-- O STL O. Smith D. Gooden 3% 83% Van Slyke Caught Stealing 2B (C-SS)
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Mets 3, Cardinals 1.
Top of the 7th, Mets Batting, Ahead 3-1, Cardinals' Joaquin Andujar facing 6-7-8
t7 3-1 0 --- R NYM G. Foster J. Andujar 7% 91% Home Run
t7 4-1 0 --- O NYM H. Johnson J. Andujar -1% 90% Groundout: 2B-1B
t7 4-1 1 --- NYM R. Santana J. Andujar 1% 91% Single
t7 4-1 1 1-- O NYM D. Gooden J. Andujar -1% 90% Bunt Groundout: 1B unassisted/Sacrifice; Santana to 2B
t7 4-1 2 -2- R NYM M. Wilson J. Andujar 4% 95% Single; Santana Scores
Pat Perry replaces Joaquin Andujar pitching and batting 9th
t7 5-1 2 1-- O NYM W. Backman P. Perry -0% 94% Wilson Caught Stealing (PO) 2B (P-1B-SS)
2 runs, 3 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Mets 5, Cardinals 1.
Bottom of the 7th, Cardinals Batting, Behind 1-5, Mets' Dwight Gooden facing 8-9-1
b7 1-5 0 --- STL O. Smith D. Gooden -3% 91% Single
Steve Braun pinch hits for Pat Perry (P) batting 9th
b7 1-5 0 1-- O STL S. Braun D. Gooden 3% 94% Strikeout
b7 1-5 1 1-- OO STL V. Coleman D. Gooden 3% 97% Ground Ball Double Play: SS-1B
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Mets 5, Cardinals 1.
Top of the 8th, Mets Batting, Ahead 5-1, Cardinals' Bill Campbell facing 2-3-4
Bill Campbell replaces Steve Braun (PH) pitching and batting 9th
t8 5-1 0 --- NYM W. Backman B. Campbell 1% 98% Double
t8 5-1 0 -2- O NYM K. Hernandez B. Campbell -1% 97% Flyball: LF
t8 5-1 1 -2- O NYM G. Carter B. Campbell -0% 97% Groundout: SS-1B
t8 5-1 2 -2- NYM D. Strawberry B. Campbell 0% 97% Intentional Walk
t8 5-1 2 12- O NYM G. Foster B. Campbell -1% 96% Flyball: RF
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 2 LOB. Mets 5, Cardinals 1.
Bottom of the 8th, Cardinals Batting, Behind 1-5, Mets' Dwight Gooden facing 2-3-4
b8 1-5 0 --- O STL W. McGee D. Gooden 1% 98% Flyball: CF
b8 1-5 1 --- STL T. Herr D. Gooden -1% 96% Single
b8 1-5 1 1-- O STL J. Clark D. Gooden 2% 98% Strikeout
b8 1-5 2 1-- O STL A. Van Slyke D. Gooden 1% 99% Groundout: 1B unassisted
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Mets 5, Cardinals 1.
Top of the 9th, Mets Batting, Ahead 5-1, Cardinals' Bill Campbell facing 7-8-9
t9 5-1 0 --- NYM H. Johnson B. Campbell 0% 99% Single
t9 5-1 0 1-- NYM R. Santana B. Campbell 0% 99% Johnson Steals 2B
t9 5-1 0 -2- NYM R. Santana B. Campbell 0% 99% Single; Johnson to 3B
t9 5-1 0 1-3 O NYM D. Gooden B. Campbell -0% 99% Groundout: 3B-1B; Santana to 2B
t9 5-1 1 -23 NYM M. Wilson B. Campbell 0% 99% Intentional Walk
t9 5-1 1 123 O NYM W. Backman B. Campbell -0% 99% Groundout: 2B-C/Forceout at Hm; Santana to 3B; Wilson to 2B
t9 5-1 2 123 O NYM K. Hernandez B. Campbell -0% 98% Groundout: 2B-1B
0 runs, 2 hits, 0 errors, 3 LOB. Mets 5, Cardinals 1.
Bottom of the 9th, Cardinals Batting, Behind 1-5, Mets' Dwight Gooden facing 6-7-8
b9 1-5 0 --- O STL T. Pendleton D. Gooden 1% 99% Strikeout
b9 1-5 1 --- O STL D. Porter D. Gooden 0% 100% Foul Flyball: 1B
b9 1-5 2 --- STL O. Smith D. Gooden -0% 100% Walk
Curt Ford pinch hits for Bill Campbell (P) batting 9th
b9 1-5 2 1-- STL C. Ford D. Gooden -1% 99% Walk; Smith to 2B
b9 1-5 2 12- R STL V. Coleman D. Gooden -3% 96% Single; Smith Scores; Ford to 2B
b9 2-5 2 12- STL W. McGee D. Gooden -5% 91% Single; Ford to 3B; Coleman to 2B
b9 2-5 2 123 O STL T. Herr D. Gooden 9% 100% Lineout: 2B
1 run, 2 hits, 0 errors, 3 LOB. Mets 5, Cardinals 2.

Retrosheet.org Boxscore:SLN198510020
BackToBaseball.com Game Playback

  • Score- The score from the perspective of the batting team.
  • RoB- This gives the baserunner (Runners on Base) configuration at the start of the play. "1-3" would mean runners on first and third. Clicking on this will show the defensive players and baserunners on the field for this play.
  • Pit- When available, the number of pitches in this plate appearance. Clicking on this number will show the sequence of pitches thrown including, when available, things like runner going, ball blocked, attempted pickoffs and the like. We believe this data to be as accurate as humanly possible, but there are going to be some errors in the data, so please take it with a grain of salt. Clicking on this will show the defensive players and baserunners on the field for this play.
  • R/O- This has a "O" for every out on the play and an "R" for every run that scored on the play. Some plays will have both in no particular order.
  • Batter- The batter at the plate when this play occurred. If the play is a baserunning event, then the batter's name will be repeated as indicated by quotes.
  • Pitcher- The pitcher on the mound when this play occurred.
  • wWPA- Winning Team's Win Probability Added. The amount that this play increased or decreased the eventual winning team's probability of winning the game. More About Win Probability Added
  • wWE- Winning Team's Win Expectancy. The probability of the eventual winning team winning the game prior to this play given two average teams playing each other. More About Win Probability Added
  • Play Detail- This is an explanation of the play that occurred. In some cases, batted ball location and type will be indicated within parentheses. Again, these are best efforts to the record the game as it happened. Also, plays made on the baserunners (including the batter as a baserunner) will be indicated in parentheses after the baserunner's name. Advancement of baserunners is given in cases where the advancement is not easily deduced or obvious from the play. For example, advancement for a walk will not be given, but for a single or double it will be given.

Please report any issues or strangeness you see with the description of plays given above. We have tested several hundred different types of plays, but, in all likelihood, there are still some errors or misinterpretations of the play-by-play data.

The play-by-play information both shown and used to create certain data sets was obtained free of charge from and is copyrighted by RetroSheet.

In some cases, the results from play-by-play data will contradict results in the official record. The official record has many, many errors, but we have not undertaken to reconcile those errors. Pitch-by-pitch data should not be taken as completely accurate, though we believe it to be as accurate as is currently possible.

Box scores and play-by-play outputs produced by Sports Reference LLC. All Rights Reserved.