Mobile Site You Are Here > Home > Box Scores > 1986 > Sep 13, 1986, Mariners at Royals Box Score and Play by Play

View a short video showing advanced box score features / click orange/red text for additional info

Scores
Standings
CAL
@CHW
3
2
 
(15)
OAK
@CLE
6
8
BAL
@DET
2
7
SEA
@KCR
4
5
TOR
@MIL
7
1
TEX
@MIN
14
1
BOS
@NYY
6
11
CIN
@LAD
3
0
NYM
@PHI
5
6
CHC
@PIT
2
5
HOU
@SDP
3
4
ATL
@SFG
4
1
MON
@STL
5
1
Saturday, September 13, 1986,
, Royals Stadium
Attendance: 31,138, Time of Game: 2:24
Mariners
4
63-80
 Lost 1 
5th, 19½ GB
at Royals
5
67-75
 Won 1 
3rd, 15 GB
W: Dennis Leonard (8-11)
L: Bill Swift (2-6)
                1  2  3   4  5  6   7  8  9    R  H  E
                -  -  -   -  -  -   -  -  -    -  -  -
Mariners        0  0  0   3  0  0   1  0  0    4  6  3
Royals          0  0  0   0  2  3   0  0  X    5  9  1

Seattle Mariners

Batting AB R H RBI BB SO PA BA OBP SLG OPS WPA aLI WPA+ WPA- RE24 PO A
John Moses CF 3 0 1 1 0 0 4 .259 .318 .319 .637 -0.112 1.09 0.013 -0.125 -0.8 2 1 CS,SF
Phil Bradley LF 2 1 0 0 2 0 4 .303 .397 .434 .831 -0.032 1.08 0.086 -0.118 0.1 1 0 2·SB,GDP
Alvin Davis 1B 2 1 2 0 2 0 4 .290 .395 .465 .860 0.214 1.18 0.214 0.000 1.6 8 4 IW
Jim Presley 3B 4 0 0 0 0 1 4 .275 .312 .486 .799 -0.171 1.59 0.000 -0.171 -1.5 0 3
Ken Phelps DH 3 1 1 2 0 1 3 .242 .405 .523 .928 0.108 1.06 0.158 -0.049 1.1 HR
   Dave Hengel PH 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 .125 .125 .125 .250 -0.070 2.90 0.000 -0.070 -0.3
Danny Tartabull RF 4 0 0 0 0 0 4 .270 .351 .502 .853 -0.104 0.96 0.000 -0.104 -0.7 0 0
Scott Bradley C 3 0 1 0 0 0 3 .303 .340 .440 .780 -0.010 0.39 0.014 -0.024 0.0 5 0 2B
   Mickey Brantley PH 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 .196 .268 .353 .621 -0.075 2.90 0.000 -0.075 -0.2
Rey Quinones SS 2 1 0 0 1 0 3 .226 .293 .308 .601 0.040 1.35 0.086 -0.046 0.1 2 3 SB
   Ross Jones SS 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 .143 .143 .143 .286 -0.054 2.16 0.000 -0.054 -0.2 3 0
Harold Reynolds 2B 3 0 1 0 0 0 3 .215 .266 .272 .538 0.078 1.09 0.109 -0.031 0.3 1 2
   Dave Valle PH 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 .267 .450 .533 .983 -0.038 1.44 0.000 -0.038 -0.1
Bill Swift P 2 2
   Ed Nunez P 0 0
Team Totals 30 4 6 3 5 2 36 .200 .306 .333 .639 -0.226 1.23 0.680 -0.905 -0.7 24 15
2B: S Bradley (6, off D Leonard).
HR: K Phelps (22, off D Leonard, 4th inn, 1 on, 1 out to RF).
SF: J Moses (3, off D Leonard).
IBB: A Davis (10, by D Leonard).
TB: K Phelps 4; A Davis 2; S Bradley 2; H Reynolds; J Moses.
GIDP: P Bradley (9).
RBI: K Phelps 2 (57); J Moses (30).
Team LOB: 5.
With RISP: 3 for 6.
Fielding
DP: 1. H Reynolds-R Quinones-A Davis.
E: D Tartabull 2 (17); A Davis (12).
Baserunning
SB: P Bradley 2 (17, 2nd base off D Leonard/J Sundberg 2); R Quinones (4, 2nd base off D Leonard/J Sundberg).
CS: J Moses (17, 2nd base by D Leonard/J Sundberg).

Kansas City Royals

Batting AB R H RBI BB SO PA BA OBP SLG OPS WPA aLI WPA+ WPA- RE24 PO A
Willie Wilson CF 4 0 0 0 0 0 4 .269 .315 .360 .676 -0.120 1.20 0.000 -0.120 -1.1 5 0
Lonnie Smith LF 4 0 2 0 0 0 4 .287 .360 .394 .754 -0.022 1.03 0.061 -0.083 0.1 1 0 SB
   Lynn Jones LF 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .111 .216 .156 .371 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.0 0 0
Rudy Law RF 3 0 1 0 1 0 4 .255 .324 .378 .703 0.042 1.19 0.097 -0.056 0.2 4 0
Jorge Orta DH 4 1 0 0 0 1 4 .277 .325 .403 .729 -0.193 1.55 0.000 -0.193 -1.8 GDP
Frank White 2B 4 1 1 0 0 2 4 .268 .320 .452 .772 0.099 0.99 0.148 -0.048 0.3 3 3 2B
Kevin Seitzer 1B 3 1 2 0 1 0 4 .333 .394 .400 .794 0.068 1.18 0.085 -0.017 0.8 10 0 2B
Jamie Quirk 3B 4 2 1 2 0 0 4 .217 .280 .361 .642 0.114 1.80 0.147 -0.033 0.7 1 2 2B
Jim Sundberg C 4 0 0 0 0 1 4 .201 .298 .300 .598 0.151 1.58 0.259 -0.107 0.8 2 1
Buddy Biancalana SS 3 0 2 0 0 0 3 .260 .336 .328 .664 0.136 1.06 0.158 -0.022 0.9 1 3
Dennis Leonard P 0 1
   Buddy Black P 0 0
Team Totals 33 5 9 2 2 4 35 .273 .314 .364 .678 0.275 1.29 0.955 -0.679 0.8 27 10
2B: J Quirk (9, off B Swift); F White (33, off B Swift); K Seitzer (2, off E Nunez).
TB: K Seitzer 3; L Smith 2; F White 2; B Biancalana 2; J Quirk 2; R Law.
GIDP: J Orta (9).
RBI: J Quirk 2 (20).
Team LOB: 6.
With RISP: 1 for 12.
Fielding
DP: 1. F White-K Seitzer.
E: B Biancalana (13).
Baserunning
SB: L Smith (26, 2nd base off E Nunez/S Bradley).

Seattle Mariners

Pitching IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA BF GSc IR IS WPA aLI RE24
Bill Swift, L (2-6) 6 7 5 3 2 3 0 5.33 27 43 -0.353 1.45 -1.9
Ed Nunez 2 2 0 0 0 1 0 5.14 8 0 0 0.078 0.79 1.0
Team Totals 8 9 5 3 2 4 0 3.38 35 43 0 0 -0.275 1.29 -0.8

Kansas City Royals

Pitching IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA BF GSc IR IS WPA aLI RE24
Dennis Leonard, W (8-11) 7 5 4 4 5 2 1 3.87 29 48 -0.065 0.98 -0.3
Buddy Black, S (7) 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 3.35 7 0 0 0.290 2.44 1.0
Team Totals 9 6 4 4 5 2 1 4.00 36 48 0 0 0.225 1.23 0.7
Balks: None.
WP: None.
HBP: None.
IBB: D Leonard (5; A Davis).
Pickoffs: None.

Other Info

Umpires: HP - John Shulock, 1B - Jim McKean, 2B - Larry Young, 3B - Al Clark.
Time of Game: 2:24.
Attendance: 31,138.
Field Condition: Unknown.
Start Time Weather: Unknown.

Starting Lineups

Seattle Mariners         Kansas City Royals
1 John Moses CF 1 Willie Wilson CF
2 Phil Bradley LF 2 Lonnie Smith LF
3 Alvin Davis 1B 3 Rudy Law RF
4 Jim Presley 3B 4 Jorge Orta DH
5 Ken Phelps DH 5 Frank White 2B
6 Danny Tartabull RF 6 Kevin Seitzer 1B
7 Scott Bradley C 7 Jamie Quirk 3B
8 Rey Quinones SS 8 Jim Sundberg C
9 Harold Reynolds 2B 9 Buddy Biancalana SS
Bill Swift P Dennis Leonard P

Win Probability Chart

Explanation of WPA  · Mouse over chart for play descriptions  · See below chart for tools  · Direct Link in URL Bar

Clear Chart
Big Plays
Scoring Plays
Fix Chart in View While Scrolling

Hold mouse over play on chart to see description of play.
Leverage is shown below the chart Low to High.

Top 5 Plays

View Pitches · wWE and wWPA Explanation
Inn Score Out RoB Pit(cnt) R/O @Bat Batter Pitcher wWPA wWE Play Description
b6 3-3 2 1-3 RR KCR J. Sundberg B. Swift 26% 83% Reached on E9 (Fly Ball); White Scores/No RBI/unER; Quirk Scores/unER; Sundberg to 2B
t4 1-0 1 -2- RR SEA K. Phelps D. Leonard -16% 20% Home Run; Davis Scores
b6 2-3 1 1-- KCR F. White B. Swift 15% 55% Double to LF (Fly Ball to Short LF Line); Orta to 3B
b5 0-3 0 1-- R KCR J. Quirk B. Swift 13% 37% Double to CF (Fly Ball to Deep CF-RF); Seitzer Scores
b5 1-3 1 -2- R KCR B. Biancalana B. Swift 13% 44% Single to RF (Ground Ball thru 2B-1B); Quirk Scores/Adv on E9; Biancalana to 2B

Play By Play

Inn Score Out RoB Pit(cnt) R/O @Bat Batter Pitcher wWPA wWE Play Description
Top of the 1st, Mariners Batting, Tied 0-0, Royals' Dennis Leonard facing 1-2-3
t1 0-0 0 --- O SEA J. Moses D. Leonard 2% 52% Groundout: P-1B
t1 0-0 1 --- O SEA P. Bradley D. Leonard 2% 54% Groundout: SS-1B
t1 0-0 2 --- SEA A. Davis D. Leonard -1% 53% Walk
t1 0-0 2 1-- O SEA J. Presley D. Leonard 2% 55% Flyball: RF
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Mariners 0, Royals 0.
Bottom of the 1st, Royals Batting, Tied 0-0, Mariners' Bill Swift facing 1-2-3
b1 0-0 0 --- O KCR W. Wilson B. Swift -2% 53% Groundout: P-1B
b1 0-0 1 --- KCR L. Smith B. Swift 2% 55% Single to 2B (Ground Ball to Weak 2B)
b1 0-0 1 1-- KCR R. Law B. Swift 3% 59% Single to CF (Line Drive to Short CF); Smith to 2B
b1 0-0 1 12- OO KCR J. Orta B. Swift -9% 50% Ground Ball Double Play: 2B-SS-1B
0 runs, 2 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Mariners 0, Royals 0.
Top of the 2nd, Mariners Batting, Tied 0-0, Royals' Dennis Leonard facing 5-6-7
t2 0-0 0 --- O SEA K. Phelps D. Leonard 2% 52% Strikeout Looking
t2 0-0 1 --- O SEA D. Tartabull D. Leonard 2% 54% Groundout: 3B-1B
t2 0-0 2 --- O SEA S. Bradley D. Leonard 1% 55% Groundout: SS-1B
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Mariners 0, Royals 0.
Bottom of the 2nd, Royals Batting, Tied 0-0, Mariners' Bill Swift facing 5-6-7
b2 0-0 0 --- O KCR F. White B. Swift -2% 53% Strikeout
b2 0-0 1 --- O KCR K. Seitzer B. Swift -2% 51% Groundout: 2B-1B
b2 0-0 2 --- O KCR J. Quirk B. Swift -1% 50% Groundout: 1B-P
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Mariners 0, Royals 0.
Top of the 3rd, Mariners Batting, Tied 0-0, Royals' Dennis Leonard facing 8-9-1
t3 0-0 0 --- O SEA R. Quinones D. Leonard 3% 53% Flyball: RF
t3 0-0 1 --- O SEA H. Reynolds D. Leonard 2% 54% Groundout: 2B-1B
t3 0-0 2 --- O SEA J. Moses D. Leonard 1% 56% Lineout: 3B
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Mariners 0, Royals 0.
Bottom of the 3rd, Royals Batting, Tied 0-0, Mariners' Bill Swift facing 8-9-1
b3 0-0 0 --- O KCR J. Sundberg B. Swift -3% 53% Groundout: SS-1B
b3 0-0 1 --- KCR B. Biancalana B. Swift 3% 56% Single to SS (Ground Ball)
b3 0-0 1 1-- O KCR W. Wilson B. Swift -3% 53% Groundout: 3B-2B/Forceout at 2B
b3 0-0 2 1-- O KCR L. Smith B. Swift -3% 50% Groundout: P-1B
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Mariners 0, Royals 0.
Top of the 4th, Mariners Batting, Tied 0-0, Royals' Dennis Leonard facing 2-3-4
t4 0-0 0 --- SEA P. Bradley D. Leonard -4% 46% Walk
t4 0-0 0 1-- SEA A. Davis D. Leonard -3% 43% Bradley Steals 2B
t4 0-0 0 -2- R SEA A. Davis D. Leonard -11% 32% Single to SS (Fly Ball to Short LF-CF); Bradley Scores/Adv on E6 (throw); Davis to 2B
t4 1-0 0 -2- O SEA J. Presley D. Leonard 4% 36% Strikeout
t4 1-0 1 -2- RR SEA K. Phelps D. Leonard -16% 20% Home Run; Davis Scores
t4 3-0 1 --- O SEA D. Tartabull D. Leonard 1% 21% Flyball: 2B
t4 3-0 2 --- SEA S. Bradley D. Leonard -1% 20% Double to CF (Line Drive to Deep CF-RF)
t4 3-0 2 -2- O SEA R. Quinones D. Leonard 2% 22% Groundout: SS-1B
3 runs, 3 hits, 1 error, 1 LOB. Mariners 3, Royals 0.
Bottom of the 4th, Royals Batting, Behind 0-3, Mariners' Bill Swift facing 3-4-5
b4 0-3 0 --- O KCR R. Law B. Swift -3% 19% Groundout: 1B unassisted
b4 0-3 1 --- O KCR J. Orta B. Swift -2% 18% Strikeout
b4 0-3 2 --- O KCR F. White B. Swift -1% 17% Strikeout
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Mariners 3, Royals 0.
Top of the 5th, Mariners Batting, Ahead 3-0, Royals' Dennis Leonard facing 9-1-2
t5 3-0 0 --- O SEA H. Reynolds D. Leonard 1% 18% Groundout: 2B-1B
t5 3-0 1 --- SEA J. Moses D. Leonard -1% 16% Single to P (Bunt to Front of Home)
t5 3-0 1 1-- O SEA P. Bradley D. Leonard 2% 19% Moses Caught Stealing 2B (C-SS)
t5 3-0 2 --- SEA P. Bradley D. Leonard -1% 18% Walk
t5 3-0 2 1-- SEA A. Davis D. Leonard -1% 17% Bradley Steals 2B
t5 3-0 2 -2- SEA A. Davis D. Leonard -0% 17% Intentional Walk
t5 3-0 2 12- O SEA J. Presley D. Leonard 2% 19% Flyball: CF
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 2 LOB. Mariners 3, Royals 0.
Bottom of the 5th, Royals Batting, Behind 0-3, Mariners' Bill Swift facing 6-7-8
b5 0-3 0 --- KCR K. Seitzer B. Swift 4% 24% Single to CF (Ground Ball thru SS-2B)
b5 0-3 0 1-- R KCR J. Quirk B. Swift 13% 37% Double to CF (Fly Ball to Deep CF-RF); Seitzer Scores
b5 1-3 0 -2- O KCR J. Sundberg B. Swift -6% 31% Groundout: 3B-1B
b5 1-3 1 -2- R KCR B. Biancalana B. Swift 13% 44% Single to RF (Ground Ball thru 2B-1B); Quirk Scores/Adv on E9; Biancalana to 2B
b5 2-3 1 -2- O KCR W. Wilson B. Swift -5% 40% Groundout: 1B-P; Biancalana to 3B
b5 2-3 2 --3 O KCR L. Smith B. Swift -6% 34% Groundout: 3B-1B
2 runs, 3 hits, 1 error, 1 LOB. Mariners 3, Royals 2.
Top of the 6th, Mariners Batting, Ahead 3-2, Royals' Dennis Leonard facing 5-6-7
t6 3-2 0 --- O SEA K. Phelps D. Leonard 3% 37% Lineout: RF
t6 3-2 1 --- O SEA D. Tartabull D. Leonard 2% 39% Flyball: CF
t6 3-2 2 --- O SEA S. Bradley D. Leonard 1% 40% Groundout: 1B unassisted
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Mariners 3, Royals 2.
Bottom of the 6th, Royals Batting, Behind 2-3, Mariners' Bill Swift facing 3-4-5
b6 2-3 0 --- KCR R. Law B. Swift 6% 46% Walk
b6 2-3 0 1-- O KCR J. Orta B. Swift -6% 40% Reached on E3 (Ground Ball); Law out at Hm/1B-SS-CF-C; Orta to 1B
b6 2-3 1 1-- KCR F. White B. Swift 15% 55% Double to LF (Fly Ball to Short LF Line); Orta to 3B
b6 2-3 1 -23 KCR K. Seitzer B. Swift 1% 56% Walk
b6 2-3 1 123 RO KCR J. Quirk B. Swift 1% 58% Groundout: 1B-SS/Forceout at 2B; Orta Scores; White to 3B
b6 3-3 2 1-3 RR KCR J. Sundberg B. Swift 26% 83% Reached on E9 (Fly Ball); White Scores/No RBI/unER; Quirk Scores/unER; Sundberg to 2B
b6 5-3 2 -2- O KCR B. Biancalana B. Swift -2% 81% Lineout: CF
3 runs, 1 hit, 2 errors, 1 LOB. Mariners 3, Royals 5.
Top of the 7th, Mariners Batting, Behind 3-5, Royals' Dennis Leonard facing 8-9-1
t7 3-5 0 --- SEA R. Quinones D. Leonard -6% 75% Walk
t7 3-5 0 1-- SEA H. Reynolds D. Leonard -3% 73% Quinones Steals 2B
t7 3-5 0 -2- SEA H. Reynolds D. Leonard -11% 62% Single to 2B (Bunt to Weak 2B); Quinones to 3B
t7 3-5 0 1-3 RO SEA J. Moses D. Leonard 7% 69% Lineout: CF/Sacrifice Fly; Quinones Scores
t7 4-5 1 1-- OO SEA P. Bradley D. Leonard 10% 79% Ground Ball Double Play: 2B-1B
1 run, 1 hit, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Mariners 4, Royals 5.
Bottom of the 7th, Royals Batting, Ahead 5-4, Mariners' Ed Nunez facing 1-2-3
Ed Nunez replaces Bill Swift pitching
Ross Jones replaces Rey Quinones playing SS batting 8th
b7 5-4 0 --- O KCR W. Wilson E. Nunez -2% 77% Flyball: CF
b7 5-4 1 --- KCR L. Smith E. Nunez 2% 79% Single to CF (Fly Ball to Short LF-CF)
b7 5-4 1 1-- KCR R. Law E. Nunez 2% 80% Smith Steals 2B
b7 5-4 1 -2- O KCR R. Law E. Nunez -3% 77% Flyball: SS
b7 5-4 2 -2- O KCR J. Orta E. Nunez -3% 74% Flyball: SS
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Mariners 4, Royals 5.
Top of the 8th, Mariners Batting, Behind 4-5, Royals' Buddy Black facing 3-4-5
Buddy Black replaces Dennis Leonard pitching
t8 4-5 0 --- SEA A. Davis B. Black -9% 66% Single to SS (Ground Ball to SS-3B Hole)
t8 4-5 0 1-- O SEA J. Presley B. Black 8% 74% Groundout: 3B-2B/Forceout at 2B; Presley to 1B
Dave Hengel pinch hits for Ken Phelps (DH) batting 5th
t8 4-5 1 1-- O SEA D. Hengel B. Black 7% 81% Flyball: CF
t8 4-5 2 1-- O SEA D. Tartabull B. Black 6% 87% Flyball: LF
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Mariners 4, Royals 5.
Bottom of the 8th, Royals Batting, Ahead 5-4, Mariners' Ed Nunez facing 5-6-7
b8 5-4 0 --- O KCR F. White E. Nunez -1% 85% Flyball: SS
b8 5-4 1 --- KCR K. Seitzer E. Nunez 3% 88% Double to LF (Fly Ball to Short LF-CF)
b8 5-4 1 -2- O KCR J. Quirk E. Nunez -2% 86% Flyball: LF
b8 5-4 2 -2- O KCR J. Sundberg E. Nunez -2% 83% Strikeout
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Mariners 4, Royals 5.
Top of the 9th, Mariners Batting, Behind 4-5, Royals' Buddy Black facing 7-8-9
Lynn Jones replaces Lonnie Smith playing LF batting 2nd
Mickey Brantley pinch hits for Scott Bradley (C) batting 7th
t9 4-5 0 --- O SEA M. Brantley B. Black 7% 91% Flyball: CF
t9 4-5 1 --- O SEA R. Jones B. Black 5% 96% Flyball: RF
Dave Valle pinch hits for Harold Reynolds (2B) batting 9th
t9 4-5 2 --- O SEA D. Valle B. Black 4% 100% Foul Flyball: 1B
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Mariners 4, Royals 5.

Retrosheet.org Boxscore:KCA198609130
BackToBaseball.com Game Playback

  • Score- The score from the perspective of the batting team.
  • RoB- This gives the baserunner (Runners on Base) configuration at the start of the play. "1-3" would mean runners on first and third. Clicking on this will show the defensive players and baserunners on the field for this play.
  • Pit- When available, the number of pitches in this plate appearance. Clicking on this number will show the sequence of pitches thrown including, when available, things like runner going, ball blocked, attempted pickoffs and the like. We believe this data to be as accurate as humanly possible, but there are going to be some errors in the data, so please take it with a grain of salt. Clicking on this will show the defensive players and baserunners on the field for this play.
  • R/O- This has a "O" for every out on the play and an "R" for every run that scored on the play. Some plays will have both in no particular order.
  • Batter- The batter at the plate when this play occurred. If the play is a baserunning event, then the batter's name will be repeated as indicated by quotes.
  • Pitcher- The pitcher on the mound when this play occurred.
  • wWPA- Winning Team's Win Probability Added. The amount that this play increased or decreased the eventual winning team's probability of winning the game. More About Win Probability Added
  • wWE- Winning Team's Win Expectancy. The probability of the eventual winning team winning the game prior to this play given two average teams playing each other. More About Win Probability Added
  • Play Detail- This is an explanation of the play that occurred. In some cases, batted ball location and type will be indicated within parentheses. Again, these are best efforts to the record the game as it happened. Also, plays made on the baserunners (including the batter as a baserunner) will be indicated in parentheses after the baserunner's name. Advancement of baserunners is given in cases where the advancement is not easily deduced or obvious from the play. For example, advancement for a walk will not be given, but for a single or double it will be given.

Please report any issues or strangeness you see with the description of plays given above. We have tested several hundred different types of plays, but, in all likelihood, there are still some errors or misinterpretations of the play-by-play data.

The play-by-play information both shown and used to create certain data sets was obtained free of charge from and is copyrighted by RetroSheet.

In some cases, the results from play-by-play data will contradict results in the official record. The official record has many, many errors, but we have not undertaken to reconcile those errors. Pitch-by-pitch data should not be taken as completely accurate, though we believe it to be as accurate as is currently possible.

Box scores and play-by-play outputs produced by Sports Reference LLC. All Rights Reserved.