Mobile Site You Are Here >  >  >  > Jun 29, 1975, Padres at Reds Play by Play and Box Score

View a short video showing advanced box score features / click orange/red text for additional info

Scores
Standings
DET
@BAL
1
2
NYY
@BOS
2
3
OAK
@CAL
7
1
KCR
@CHW
1
3
CLE
@MIL
3
4
MIN
@TEX
7
9
SDP
@CIN
1
4
SDP
@CIN
4
3
ATL
@HOU
3
1
STL
@MON
3
7
PHI
@NYM
9
6
PHI
@NYM
4
3
 
(12)
CHC
@PIT
3
4
CHC
@PIT
0
7
LAD
@SFG
2
5
Sunday, June 29, 1975,
, Riverfront Stadium
Attendance: 46,060, Time of Game: 2:33
Second game of doubleheader, see First game.
Padres
4
36-40
 Won 1 
4th, 12 GB
at Reds
3
48-28
 Lost 1 
1st
W: Brent Strom (3-1)
L: Pat Darcy (2-5)
                1  2  3   4  5  6   7  8  9    R  H  E
                -  -  -   -  -  -   -  -  -    -  -  -
Padres          0  0  2   0  0  1   1  0  0    4 10  1
Reds            0  0  0   1  0  0   0  2  0    3  7  0

San Diego Padres

Batting AB R H RBI BB SO PA BA OBP SLG OPS WPA aLI WPA+ WPA- RE24 PO A
Bobby Tolan CF-LF 5 0 0 0 0 0 5 .244 .296 .306 .603 -0.113 0.89 0.000 -0.113 -1.4 4 0
Tito Fuentes 2B 4 2 2 0 1 0 5 .265 .295 .325 .619 0.032 0.77 0.063 -0.030 0.3 4 0
Gene Locklear LF 3 0 2 2 1 0 4 .378 .418 .533 .952 0.243 1.28 0.253 -0.010 2.3 3 0 2B,IW
   Don Hahn CF 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 .077 .200 .077 .277 0.016 0.46 0.016 0.000 0.2 0 0
Dave Winfield RF 5 0 0 0 0 0 5 .282 .357 .454 .810 -0.163 1.37 0.000 -0.163 -2.0 3 0
Mike Ivie 1B 5 1 3 1 0 0 5 .251 .293 .366 .658 0.151 0.80 0.184 -0.033 1.5 7 0 2·2B
Randy Hundley C 4 0 1 1 0 2 4 .193 .246 .237 .483 0.015 0.93 0.079 -0.064 -0.2 6 1
Ted Kubiak 3B 3 0 0 0 0 0 4 .217 .288 .225 .513 -0.057 0.70 0.000 -0.057 -0.8 0 0 SH
Enzo Hernandez SS 4 0 2 0 0 0 4 .223 .292 .273 .565 -0.007 0.74 0.043 -0.049 0.1 0 1
   Hector Torres PR-SS 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .253 .273 .307 .579 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.0 0 2
Brent Strom P 1 1 0 0 1 0 4 .000 .100 .000 .100 -0.016 0.86 0.028 -0.044 -0.4 0 3 2·SH
Team Totals 34 4 10 4 4 2 41 .294 .368 .382 .751 0.101 0.92 0.666 -0.563 -0.2 27 7
2B: M Ivie 2 (10, 2 off P Darcy); G Locklear (8, off P Darcy).
SH: B Strom 2 (2, 1 off P Borbon, 1 off P Darcy); T Kubiak (4, off P Darcy).
IBB: G Locklear (2, by P Darcy).
TB: M Ivie 5; G Locklear 3; E Hernandez 2; T Fuentes 2; R Hundley.
RBI: G Locklear 2 (9); M Ivie (26); R Hundley (5).
2-out RBI: G Locklear 2; M Ivie.
Team LOB: 10.
With RISP: 4 for 14.
Fielding
E: T Kubiak (2).

Cincinnati Reds

Batting AB R H RBI BB SO PA BA OBP SLG OPS WPA aLI WPA+ WPA- RE24 PO A
Pete Rose 3B 5 0 1 0 0 0 5 .316 .407 .430 .837 -0.160 1.63 0.036 -0.196 -0.4 1 2
Dave Concepcion SS 4 0 0 0 0 0 4 .277 .317 .351 .668 -0.091 0.95 0.000 -0.091 -0.8 1 3
Johnny Bench LF 4 0 1 0 0 0 4 .296 .367 .539 .906 0.025 1.09 0.085 -0.060 0.4 2 0 SB
Tony Perez 1B 4 1 2 0 0 1 4 .250 .333 .436 .770 -0.048 0.97 0.057 -0.105 -0.5 7 2 2B
George Foster CF 4 2 3 2 0 1 4 .281 .352 .561 .913 0.216 1.41 0.273 -0.057 2.3 7 0 HR,2B
Merv Rettenmund RF 3 0 0 1 0 0 4 .227 .333 .293 .627 -0.108 1.76 0.018 -0.125 -0.6 1 0 SF
Bill Plummer C 2 0 0 0 2 0 4 .195 .283 .317 .600 0.111 1.79 0.176 -0.065 0.3 3 1
   Ken Griffey PR 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .316 .419 .425 .843 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.0
Doug Flynn 2B 3 0 0 0 0 1 4 .227 .292 .333 .625 -0.125 2.19 0.000 -0.125 -0.8 3 1 SH
Pat Darcy P 2 0 0 0 0 2 2 .000 .000 .000 .000 -0.068 1.30 0.000 -0.068 -0.5 2 1
   Rawly Eastwick P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 .000 .000 .000 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.0 0 0
   Ed Armbrister PH 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 .167 .219 .200 .419 -0.016 0.65 0.000 -0.016 -0.1
   Pedro Borbon P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .200 .200 .200 .400 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.0 0 0
   Joe Morgan PH 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 .352 .494 .570 1.063 -0.134 4.87 0.000 -0.134 -0.3
Team Totals 33 3 7 3 2 6 37 .212 .250 .364 .614 -0.398 1.52 0.645 -1.042 -1.2 27 10
2B: G Foster (12, off B Strom); T Perez (10, off B Strom).
HR: G Foster (13, off B Strom, 8th inn, 1 on, 2 outs to LF).
SF: M Rettenmund (2, off B Strom).
SH: D Flynn (4, off B Strom).
TB: G Foster 7; T Perez 3; P Rose; J Bench.
RBI: G Foster 2 (29); M Rettenmund (7).
2-out RBI: G Foster 2.
Team LOB: 7.
With RISP: 1 for 8.
Baserunning
SB: J Bench (5, 2nd base off B Strom/R Hundley).

San Diego Padres

Pitching IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA BF GSc IR IS WPA aLI RE24
Brent Strom, W (3-1) 9 7 3 3 2 6 1 1.03 37 65 0.398 1.52 1.2
Team Totals 9 7 3 3 2 6 1 3.00 37 65 0.398 1.52 1.2

Cincinnati Reds

Pitching IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA BF GSc IR IS WPA aLI RE24
Pat Darcy, L (2-5) 6 7 3 3 2 1 0 3.40 27 45 -0.092 1.09 -0.2
Rawly Eastwick 1 2 1 1 1 1 0 5.92 6 0 0 -0.058 0.79 -0.5
Pedro Borbon 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 3.16 8 0 0 0.047 0.44 0.9
Team Totals 9 10 4 4 4 2 0 4.00 41 45 0 0 -0.103 0.92 0.2
Balks: None.
WP: B Strom (3).
HBP: None.
IBB: P Darcy (8; G Locklear).
Pickoffs: None.

Other Info

Umpires: HP - Ed Sudol, 1B - Bill Williams, 2B - Andy Olsen, 3B - Terry Tata.
Time of Game: 2:33.
Attendance: 46,060.
Field Condition: Unknown.
Start Time Weather: Unknown.

Starting Lineups

San Diego Padres         Cincinnati Reds
1 Bobby Tolan CF 1 Pete Rose 3B
2 Tito Fuentes 2B 2 Dave Concepcion SS
3 Gene Locklear LF 3 Johnny Bench LF
4 Dave Winfield RF 4 Tony Perez 1B
5 Mike Ivie 1B 5 George Foster CF
6 Randy Hundley C 6 Merv Rettenmund RF
7 Ted Kubiak 3B 7 Bill Plummer C
8 Enzo Hernandez SS 8 Doug Flynn 2B
9 Brent Strom P 9 Pat Darcy P

Win Probability Chart

Explanation of WPA  · Mouse over chart for play descriptions  · See below chart for tools  · Direct Link in URL Bar

Clear Chart
Big Plays
Scoring Plays
Fix Chart in View While Scrolling

Hold mouse over play on chart to see description of play.
Leverage is shown below the chart Low to High.

Top 5 Plays

View Pitches · wWE and wWPA Explanation
Inn Score Out RoB Pit(cnt) R/O @Bat Batter Pitcher wWPA wWE Play Description
t3 0-0 2 12- RR SDP G. Locklear P. Darcy 22% 71% Double to RF (RF Line); Strom Scores; Fuentes Scores
b9 3-4 2 -2- O CIN P. Rose B. Strom 14% 100% Groundout: SS-1B
b9 3-4 1 -2- O CIN J. Morgan B. Strom 13% 86% Popfly: 2B
b9 3-4 0 --- CIN B. Plummer B. Strom -13% 68% Walk
b8 1-4 2 -2- RR CIN G. Foster B. Strom -13% 81% Home Run; Perez Scores

Play By Play

Inn Score Out RoB Pit(cnt) R/O @Bat Batter Pitcher wWPA wWE Play Description
Top of the 1st, Padres Batting, Tied 0-0, Reds' Pat Darcy facing 1-2-3
t1 0-0 0 --- O SDP B. Tolan P. Darcy -2% 48% Flyball: CF
t1 0-0 1 --- O SDP T. Fuentes P. Darcy -1% 46% Flyball: CF
t1 0-0 2 --- O SDP G. Locklear P. Darcy -1% 45% Groundout: SS-1B
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Padres 0, Reds 0.
Bottom of the 1st, Reds Batting, Tied 0-0, Padres' Brent Strom facing 1-2-3
b1 0-0 0 --- CIN P. Rose B. Strom -4% 42% Single to CF
b1 0-0 0 1-- O CIN D. Concepcion B. Strom 3% 45% Flyball: CF
b1 0-0 1 1-- CIN J. Bench B. Strom -6% 39% Single to CF; Rose to 3B
b1 0-0 1 1-3 CIN T. Perez B. Strom -2% 37% Bench Steals 2B
b1 0-0 1 -23 O CIN T. Perez B. Strom 8% 44% Strikeout
b1 0-0 2 -23 O CIN G. Foster B. Strom 6% 50% Strikeout
0 runs, 2 hits, 0 errors, 2 LOB. Padres 0, Reds 0.
Top of the 2nd, Padres Batting, Tied 0-0, Reds' Pat Darcy facing 4-5-6
t2 0-0 0 --- O SDP D. Winfield P. Darcy -2% 48% Groundout: 1B-P
t2 0-0 1 --- SDP M. Ivie P. Darcy 4% 52% Double to LF (LF Line)
t2 0-0 1 -2- O SDP R. Hundley P. Darcy -4% 48% Groundout: SS-1B
t2 0-0 2 -2- O SDP T. Kubiak P. Darcy -3% 45% Lineout: CF
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Padres 0, Reds 0.
Bottom of the 2nd, Reds Batting, Tied 0-0, Padres' Brent Strom facing 6-7-8
b2 0-0 0 --- O CIN M. Rettenmund B. Strom 2% 47% Flyball: CF
b2 0-0 1 --- CIN B. Plummer B. Strom -3% 45% Reached on E5 (Ground Ball); Plummer to 1B
b2 0-0 1 1-- O CIN D. Flynn B. Strom 2% 47% Groundout: P-1B; Plummer to 2B
b2 0-0 2 -2- O CIN P. Darcy B. Strom 3% 50% Strikeout
0 runs, 0 hits, 1 error, 1 LOB. Padres 0, Reds 0.
Top of the 3rd, Padres Batting, Tied 0-0, Reds' Pat Darcy facing 8-9-1
t3 0-0 0 --- O SDP E. Hernandez P. Darcy -2% 48% Foul Flyball: 1B
t3 0-0 1 --- SDP B. Strom P. Darcy 3% 50% Walk
t3 0-0 1 1-- O SDP B. Tolan P. Darcy -3% 47% Flyball: SS
t3 0-0 2 1-- SDP T. Fuentes P. Darcy 2% 49% Single to CF; Strom to 2B
t3 0-0 2 12- RR SDP G. Locklear P. Darcy 22% 71% Double to RF (RF Line); Strom Scores; Fuentes Scores
t3 2-0 2 -2- O SDP D. Winfield P. Darcy -3% 69% Groundout: 1B-P
2 runs, 2 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Padres 2, Reds 0.
Bottom of the 3rd, Reds Batting, Behind 0-2, Padres' Brent Strom facing 1-2-3
b3 0-2 0 --- O CIN P. Rose B. Strom 3% 71% Flyball: RF
b3 0-2 1 --- O CIN D. Concepcion B. Strom 2% 73% Flyball: LF
b3 0-2 2 --- O CIN J. Bench B. Strom 1% 74% Popfly: 2B
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Padres 2, Reds 0.
Top of the 4th, Padres Batting, Ahead 2-0, Reds' Pat Darcy facing 5-6-7
t4 2-0 0 --- O SDP M. Ivie P. Darcy -2% 73% Groundout: SS-1B
t4 2-0 1 --- O SDP R. Hundley P. Darcy -1% 71% Strikeout
t4 2-0 2 --- O SDP T. Kubiak P. Darcy -1% 71% Flyball: LF
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Padres 2, Reds 0.
Bottom of the 4th, Reds Batting, Behind 0-2, Padres' Brent Strom facing 4-5-6
b4 0-2 0 --- O CIN T. Perez B. Strom 3% 73% Flyball: RF
b4 0-2 1 --- CIN G. Foster B. Strom -5% 68% Double (CF-RF)
b4 0-2 1 -2- CIN M. Rettenmund B. Strom -3% 65% Wild Pitch; Foster to 3B
b4 0-2 1 --3 RO CIN M. Rettenmund B. Strom -2% 63% Flyball: LF/Sacrifice Fly; Foster Scores
b4 1-2 2 --- CIN B. Plummer B. Strom -2% 62% Walk
b4 1-2 2 1-- O CIN D. Flynn B. Strom 3% 65% Strikeout
1 run, 1 hit, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Padres 2, Reds 1.
Top of the 5th, Padres Batting, Ahead 2-1, Reds' Pat Darcy facing 8-9-1
t5 2-1 0 --- SDP E. Hernandez P. Darcy 4% 68% Single to CF
t5 2-1 0 1-- O SDP B. Strom P. Darcy -2% 67% Bunt Groundout: P-2B/Sacrifice; Hernandez to 2B
t5 2-1 1 -2- O SDP B. Tolan P. Darcy -4% 63% Lineout: 3B
t5 2-1 2 -2- SDP T. Fuentes P. Darcy 2% 66% Single to 3B; Hernandez to 3B; Fuentes to 2B/Adv on throw to 3B
t5 2-1 2 -23 SDP G. Locklear P. Darcy 1% 67% Intentional Walk
t5 2-1 2 123 O SDP D. Winfield P. Darcy -7% 60% Lineout: RF
0 runs, 2 hits, 0 errors, 3 LOB. Padres 2, Reds 1.
Bottom of the 5th, Reds Batting, Behind 1-2, Padres' Brent Strom facing 9-1-2
b5 1-2 0 --- O CIN P. Darcy B. Strom 3% 63% Strikeout
b5 1-2 1 --- O CIN P. Rose B. Strom 2% 65% Flyball: RF
b5 1-2 2 --- O CIN D. Concepcion B. Strom 2% 67% Popfly: 2B
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Padres 2, Reds 1.
Top of the 6th, Padres Batting, Ahead 2-1, Reds' Pat Darcy facing 5-6-7
t6 2-1 0 --- SDP M. Ivie P. Darcy 7% 74% Double to RF (RF Line)
t6 2-1 0 -2- R SDP R. Hundley P. Darcy 8% 82% Single to RF; Ivie Scores
t6 3-1 0 1-- O SDP T. Kubiak P. Darcy -1% 81% Bunt Groundout: C-2B/Sacrifice; Hundley to 2B
t6 3-1 1 -2- O SDP E. Hernandez P. Darcy -2% 78% Foul Flyball: 1B
t6 3-1 2 -2- O SDP B. Strom P. Darcy -3% 76% Groundout: 3B-1B
1 run, 2 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Padres 3, Reds 1.
Bottom of the 6th, Reds Batting, Behind 1-3, Padres' Brent Strom facing 3-4-5
b6 1-3 0 --- O CIN J. Bench B. Strom 3% 79% Flyball: CF
b6 1-3 1 --- CIN T. Perez B. Strom -4% 75% Single to LF
b6 1-3 1 1-- CIN G. Foster B. Strom -6% 69% Single to SS; Perez to 2B
b6 1-3 1 12- O CIN M. Rettenmund B. Strom 7% 76% Flyball: LF
b6 1-3 2 12- O CIN B. Plummer B. Strom 6% 83% Flyball: CF
0 runs, 2 hits, 0 errors, 2 LOB. Padres 3, Reds 1.
Top of the 7th, Padres Batting, Ahead 3-1, Reds' Rawly Eastwick facing 1-2-3
Rawly Eastwick replaces Pat Darcy pitching and batting 9th
t7 3-1 0 --- O SDP B. Tolan R. Eastwick -1% 81% Foul Flyball: C
t7 3-1 1 --- SDP T. Fuentes R. Eastwick 2% 83% Walk
t7 3-1 1 1-- SDP G. Locklear R. Eastwick 2% 85% Single to LF; Fuentes to 2B
t7 3-1 1 12- O SDP D. Winfield R. Eastwick -2% 83% Flyball: CF; Fuentes to 3B
t7 3-1 2 1-3 R SDP M. Ivie R. Eastwick 7% 90% Single to LF; Fuentes Scores; Locklear to 2B
t7 4-1 2 12- O SDP R. Hundley R. Eastwick -2% 89% Strikeout
1 run, 2 hits, 0 errors, 2 LOB. Padres 4, Reds 1.
Bottom of the 7th, Reds Batting, Behind 1-4, Padres' Brent Strom facing 8-9-1
b7 1-4 0 --- O CIN D. Flynn B. Strom 3% 91% Groundout: P-1B
Ed Armbrister pinch hits for Rawly Eastwick (P) batting 9th
b7 1-4 1 --- O CIN E. Armbrister B. Strom 2% 93% Strikeout
b7 1-4 2 --- O CIN P. Rose B. Strom 1% 94% Groundout: SS-1B
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Padres 4, Reds 1.
Top of the 8th, Padres Batting, Ahead 4-1, Reds' Pedro Borbon facing 7-8-9
Pedro Borbon replaces Ed Armbrister (PH) pitching and batting 9th
t8 4-1 0 --- O SDP T. Kubiak P. Borbon -1% 93% Flyball: CF
t8 4-1 1 --- SDP E. Hernandez P. Borbon 1% 94% Single to LF
Hector Torres pinch runs for Enzo Hernandez (SS) batting 8th
t8 4-1 1 1-- O SDP B. Strom P. Borbon -0% 93% Bunt Groundout: 3B-2B/Sacrifice; Torres to 2B
t8 4-1 2 -2- O SDP B. Tolan P. Borbon -1% 92% Flyball: CF
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Padres 4, Reds 1.
Bottom of the 8th, Reds Batting, Behind 1-4, Padres' Brent Strom facing 2-3-4
Hector Torres moves from PR to SS
Bobby Tolan moves from CF to LF
Don Hahn replaces Gene Locklear (LF) playing CF batting 3rd
b8 1-4 0 --- O CIN D. Concepcion B. Strom 2% 95% Groundout: P-1B
b8 1-4 1 --- O CIN J. Bench B. Strom 1% 96% Foul Flyball: 1B
b8 1-4 2 --- CIN T. Perez B. Strom -2% 95% Double to CF
b8 1-4 2 -2- RR CIN G. Foster B. Strom -13% 81% Home Run; Perez Scores
b8 3-4 2 --- O CIN M. Rettenmund B. Strom 3% 85% Groundout: SS-1B
2 runs, 2 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Padres 4, Reds 3.
Top of the 9th, Padres Batting, Ahead 4-3, Reds' Pedro Borbon facing 2-3-4
t9 4-3 0 --- O SDP T. Fuentes P. Borbon -2% 83% Flyball: LF
t9 4-3 1 --- SDP D. Hahn P. Borbon 2% 85% Walk
t9 4-3 1 1-- O SDP D. Winfield P. Borbon -2% 83% Flyball: CF
t9 4-3 2 1-- O SDP M. Ivie P. Borbon -2% 81% Groundout: 2B-1B
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Padres 4, Reds 3.
Bottom of the 9th, Reds Batting, Behind 3-4, Padres' Brent Strom facing 7-8-9
b9 3-4 0 --- CIN B. Plummer B. Strom -13% 68% Walk
Ken Griffey pinch runs for Bill Plummer (C) batting 7th
b9 3-4 0 1-- O CIN D. Flynn B. Strom 5% 73% Bunt Groundout: C-2B/Sacrifice; Griffey to 2B
Joe Morgan pinch hits for Pedro Borbon (P) batting 9th
b9 3-4 1 -2- O CIN J. Morgan B. Strom 13% 86% Popfly: 2B
b9 3-4 2 -2- O CIN P. Rose B. Strom 14% 100% Groundout: SS-1B
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Padres 4, Reds 3.

Retrosheet.org Boxscore:CIN197506292
BackToBaseball.com Game Playback

  • Score- The score from the perspective of the batting team.
  • RoB- This gives the baserunner (Runners on Base) configuration at the start of the play. "1-3" would mean runners on first and third. Clicking on this will show the defensive players and baserunners on the field for this play.
  • Pit- When available, the number of pitches in this plate appearance. Clicking on this number will show the sequence of pitches thrown including, when available, things like runner going, ball blocked, attempted pickoffs and the like. We believe this data to be as accurate as humanly possible, but there are going to be some errors in the data, so please take it with a grain of salt. Clicking on this will show the defensive players and baserunners on the field for this play.
  • R/O- This has a "O" for every out on the play and an "R" for every run that scored on the play. Some plays will have both in no particular order.
  • Batter- The batter at the plate when this play occurred. If the play is a baserunning event, then the batter's name will be repeated as indicated by quotes.
  • Pitcher- The pitcher on the mound when this play occurred.
  • wWPA- Winning Team's Win Probability Added. The amount that this play increased or decreased the eventual winning team's probability of winning the game. More About Win Probability Added
  • wWE- Winning Team's Win Expectancy. The probability of the eventual winning team winning the game prior to this play given two average teams playing each other. More About Win Probability Added
  • Play Detail- This is an explanation of the play that occurred. In some cases, batted ball location and type will be indicated within parentheses. Again, these are best efforts to the record the game as it happened. Also, plays made on the baserunners (including the batter as a baserunner) will be indicated in parentheses after the baserunner's name. Advancement of baserunners is given in cases where the advancement is not easily deduced or obvious from the play. For example, advancement for a walk will not be given, but for a single or double it will be given.

Please report any issues or strangeness you see with the description of plays given above. We have tested several hundred different types of plays, but, in all likelihood, there are still some errors or misinterpretations of the play-by-play data.

The play-by-play information both shown and used to create certain data sets was obtained free of charge from and is copyrighted by RetroSheet.

In some cases, the results from play-by-play data will contradict results in the official record. The official record has many, many errors, but we have not undertaken to reconcile those errors. Pitch-by-pitch data should not be taken as completely accurate, though we believe it to be as accurate as is currently possible.

Box scores and play-by-play outputs produced by Sports Reference LLC. All Rights Reserved.