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Archive for May, 2010

Consecutive Starts with 2 Runs or Fewer to Start the Season

Posted by Raphy on May 31, 2010

With another dominant performance today, Ubaldo Jimenez has now made 11 starts this season and has not allowed more than 2 runs in any of them. Here are the longest such streaks in PI history. (I've updated Jimenez's numbers to include today's game.)

Rk Strk Start End Games W L GS CG SHO GF SV IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA HBP WP BK Tm
1 Edinson Volquez 2008-04-06 2008-06-04 12 8 1 12 0 0 0 0 73.1 48 12 11 37 89 2 1.35 6 3 0 CIN
2 Barry Moore 1969-04-11 1969-06-06 11 5 1 11 2 0 0 0 62.2 48 14 13 24 24 4 1.87 0 2 0 WSA
3 Ubaldo Jimenez 2010-04-05 2010-05-26 11 10 1 11 2 2 0 0 80.1 46 7 7 26 70 1 0.78 3 4 1 COL
4 Zack Greinke 2009-04-08 2009-05-26 10 8 1 10 5 2 0 0 75.0 54 8 7 12 81 0 0.84 1 3 0 KCR
5 Jake Peavy 2004-04-06 2004-07-02 10 5 2 10 0 0 0 0 59.0 57 13 13 20 59 3 1.98 2 0 1 SDP
6 Bob Tewksbury 1992-04-10 1992-05-30 10 5 1 10 2 0 0 0 74.0 64 15 15 6 27 5 1.82 0 1 0 STL
7 Juan Marichal 1966-04-12 1966-05-26 10 9 0 10 8 4 0 0 92.0 51 8 6 8 60 3 0.59 0 0 0 SFG
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/31/2010.

Other than Marichal, it looks like Jimenez has been the most dominant of the bunch. However, Jimenez is probably less concerned with what he has done and is more concerned with what he is going to do. Here are the season totals for the other pitchers on the list.

Player Year Age Tm Lg W L W-L% ERA G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF ERA+ WHIP H/9 HR/9 BB/9 SO/9 SO/BB Awards
Edinson Volquez 2008 24 CIN NL 17 6 0.739 3.21 33 32 1 0 0 0 196 167 82 70 14 93 5 206 14 1 10 838 138 1.327 7.7 0.6 4.3 9.5 2.22 AS RoY-4
Barry Moore 1969 26 WSA AL 9 8 0.529 4.3 31 25 2 4 0 0 134 123 70 64 12 67 1 51 2 0 5 582 80 1.418 8.3 0.8 4.5 3.4 0.76
Zack Greinke 2009 25 KCR AL 16 8 0.667 2.16 33 33 0 6 3 0 229.1 195 64 55 11 51 0 242 4 0 5 915 205 1.073 7.7 0.4 2 9.5 4.75 AS CYA-1 MVP-17
Jake Peavy 2004 23 SDP NL 15 6 0.714 2.27 27 27 0 0 0 0 166.1 146 49 42 13 53 4 173 11 1 1 694 171 1.196 7.9 0.7 2.9 9.4 3.26
Bob Tewksbury 1992 31 STL NL 16 5 0.762 2.16 33 32 1 5 0 0 233 217 63 56 15 20 0 91 3 0 2 915 158 1.017 8.4 0.6 0.8 3.5 4.55 AS CYA-3
Juan Marichal 1966 28 SFG NL 25 6 0.806 2.23 37 36 1 25 4 0 307.1 228 88 76 32 36 3 222 5 0 3 1180 167 0.859 6.7 0.9 1.1 6.5 6.17 AS MVP-6

As you would expect, all of the starters returned to earth. Most coasted back and posted dominant numbers for the season. Barry  Moore came back without a parachute. Through June 6th, Moore was 5-1 with a 1.86 ERA (He had a short relief appearance mixed into the starts above.) After June 6th, he was 4-7 with a 6.46 ERA. Here is a graph of Moore's progressive ERA for the season.

That's quite a climb. Fortunately for Jimenez, Moore is the exception in this case. An ERA+ above 150 is the norm.

8 Comments | Posted in Streak Finders

Active Hall-of-Famers (batters)

Posted by Andy on May 31, 2010

Lately we've had a lot of polls on the Hall of Fame chances for individual players. Here's a different way of looking at things. I did a couple of very simple batting season finder searches. First I listed all batting-title-qualified seasons by HOF players from 1901 to 1990, and then I listed the same for ALL players regardless of whether they are in the HOF or not.

By dividing those two numbers for each season, I found the percentage of players who had a qualified batting season who also ended up in the HOF. (Note that this study considers only batters. We'll look at pitchers separately.)

Here's the graph:

First, a few observations about the graph:

  • The thing that jumps out right away is the huge dip down in 1943-1945. Obviously, this is due to the large fraction of established major-leaguers who missed time due to service in World War II. Many of the players who played MLB in those years were minor-leaguers or other players who didn't end up with long careers. Notice too the smaller dip during World War I in the mid 1910's.
  • We see a big peak right around 1930. This is no doubt due to the fact that HOF voting first started in 1936 and many of the early honorees were players active in the late 1920s and early 1930s. A fairly consistent fraction of players (around 12-14%) from before the 1920s have been inducted.
  • Since 1930, other than the WWII dip mentioned above, the fraction of players making the HOF has been gradually dropping. I suspect the gradual decline is due largely to the expansion of the number of teams. It's natural that as the total number of players increases, a smaller overall fraction would be considered HOF material. Also notice dips down in expansion years of 1962 and 1969. This supports my theory above--a whole bunch of qualified batting seasons were added in those years but not necessarily a proportionate number of HOFers, so the ratio drops.

I took the graph only to 1990 because there are plenty of guys who played in the early 1990s who might be in the HOF but either aren't yet eligible or haven't made it in (or dropped off the ballot) yet. A few who come to mind are Barry Bonds, Mark McGwire, Craig Biggio, Rafael Palmeio, and Frank Thomas. In other words, the number of active major leaguers in, say, 1992, who are HOFers is a very dubious number because the issue hasn't been settled for many of the candidates as of yet. I think this might also explain the dip in 1989-1990.

Looking at the period of 1976-1988, the percentage is pretty consistent around 12.5% Last year, 155 batters had qualified batting seasons. This suggests that 19-20 active players will be Hall of Famers one day. (Reminder: this discussion considers only hitters.)

So, who will these 19-20 players be?

I have the following nine hitters from 2009 as mortal locks for the HOF:

  • Alex Rodriguez, Derek Jeter, Ken Griffey, Ivan Rodriguez, Manny Ramirez, Albert Pujols, Ichiro Suzuki, Chipper Jones, and Jim Thome

Then there are these 5 guys for whom legitimate HOF cases can be made based on what they have already achieved in their careers:

  • Todd Helton, Miguel Tejada, Omar Vizquel, Magglio Ordonez, and Jason Kendall

I am inclined to believe that of the 14 guys who have been named already there are 10-12 HOFers among them. Incidentally, there are 6 relevant players I didn't consider because they didn't have qualified batting seasons in 2009: Vladamir Guerrero, Gary Sheffield, Carlos Delgado, Jorge Posada, Jason Giambi, and Andruw Jones.

Here are 17 veterans who almost certainly haven't done enough yet to get into the HOF but have a shot with a few more good years:

  • Mike Young, Bobby Abreu, David Ortiz, Jim Edmonds, Lance Berkman, Matt Holliday, Ryan Howard, Carlos Beltran, Miguel Cabrera, Alfonso Soriano, Johnny Damon, Jimmy Rollins, Mark Teixeira, Carlos Lee, Garret Anderson, Joe Mauer, and Chase Utley

Some of these, particularly Mauer, seem like a virtual lock based on projected performance, but they still need to actually perform a bit more to get there. I'd say maybe 4-5 of these guys have a shot of getting in.

That gives us a list of 14-17 players already out of out 20. Who make up the remaining 3-6 players? Keep in mind that my original search didn't consider the age or experience of the HOFers. So those 3-6 players could be guys who were rookies in 2009 or the few years previous.

Players heading the list of young HOF potentials include:

  • Hanley Ramirez, Evan Longoria, Ryan Braun, Joey Votto, Pablo Sandoval, Andrew McCutchen, Elvis Andrus, Dustin Pedroia, Prince Fielder, Robinson Cano, Carl Crawford, Jose Reyes, Adrian Gonzalez, and numerous others.

I know I have blurred the line a bit between the veterans and the young players. It's just that the really young ones are tough to guess.

Your thoughts?

47 Comments | Posted in Hall of Fame, Season Finders

Stat Challenge: Week 1 Results

Posted by Andy on May 31, 2010

First of all, you still have some time to enter Week 2. Head over and try to win yourself free access to the Play Index.

Now here are the answers:

1. Extra base hits by the Padres: 13

Rk Date Tm Opp Rslt PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI BB SO
1 2010-05-30 SDP WSN W 3-2 45 40 3 11 1 0 0 3 3 9
2 2010-05-29 SDP WSN W 4-2 30 29 4 4 0 2 1 4 1 8
3 2010-05-28 SDP WSN L 3-5 38 38 3 12 2 0 0 3 0 5
4 2010-05-27 SDP STL L 3-8 41 37 3 10 1 0 0 2 4 5
5 2010-05-26 SDP STL W 2-1 52 45 2 8 1 0 1 2 5 9
6 2010-05-25 SDP STL W 1-0 30 28 1 4 0 0 1 1 2 13
7 2010-05-23 SDP SEA W 8-1 41 37 8 12 3 0 0 8 2 6
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/31/2010.

2. Solo homers in MLB: 98

3. Starting pitching performances on at least 8 IP: 18

Rk Player Date Tm Opp Rslt App,Dec IP H R ER BB SO HR Pit Str GSc IR IS BF AB 2B 3B IBB HBP SH SF GDP SB CS PO BK WP ERA WPA RE24 aLI
1 A.J. Burnett 2010-05-30 NYY CLE W 7-3 GS-8 ,W 8.0 5 3 1 0 8 0 115 71 72 31 28 1 1 0 2 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1.12 0.102 1.206 .913
2 Ricky Romero 2010-05-30 TOR BAL W 6-1 CG 9 ,W 9.0 6 1 1 2 7 0 102 66 76 32 29 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 1 1 1 0 1.00 0.341 3.732 .833
3 Felipe Paulino 2010-05-30 HOU CIN W 2-0 GS-8 8.0 4 0 0 4 5 0 113 67 75 31 26 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0.00 0.551 4.018 1.355
4 Felix Hernandez 2010-05-29 SEA LAA L 1-5 GS-9 8.0 6 1 1 3 7 1 111 71 70 33 29 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1.12 0.256 2.991 1.217
5 Roy Halladay 2010-05-29 PHI FLA W 1-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 11 0 115 72 98 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.842 4.570 1.226
6 Brett Cecil 2010-05-29 TOR BAL W 5-2 GS-8 ,W 8.0 4 2 2 0 7 0 96 70 73 28 28 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2.25 0.234 2.206 1.061
7 Cliff Lee 2010-05-28 SEA LAA W 8-3 GS-8 ,W 8.0 4 3 2 2 10 0 115 75 72 31 29 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.25 0.186 1.386 .890
8 Matt Cain 2010-05-28 SFG ARI W 5-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 1 0 0 0 9 0 122 83 94 29 28 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.425 4.661 .682
9 Yovani Gallardo 2010-05-28 MIL NYM W 2-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 8 0 0 1 7 0 121 75 77 33 32 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.675 4.349 1.547
10 Johan Santana 2010-05-28 NYM MIL L 0-2 GS-8 8.0 3 0 0 2 5 0 105 72 79 29 27 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.541 3.866 1.031
11 Jeff Niemann 2010-05-27 TBR CHW W 5-1 GS-8 ,W 8.0 3 1 1 3 5 1 94 59 74 28 25 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1.12 0.431 3.386 1.124
12 Andy Pettitte 2010-05-26 NYY MIN W 3-2 GS-8 ,W 8.0 8 2 2 0 4 0 94 72 62 30 29 4 0 0 0 1 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 2.25 0.245 2.296 1.293
13 Ubaldo Jimenez 2010-05-26 COL ARI W 7-3 GS-8 ,W 8.0 6 0 0 1 3 0 101 61 72 29 28 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.347 4.341 .733
14 Roy Oswalt 2010-05-26 HOU MIL W 5-0 GS-8 ,W 8.0 4 0 0 1 9 0 109 74 82 29 28 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.269 3.866 .682
15 Luke Hochevar 2010-05-26 KCR TEX W 5-2 GS-8 ,W 8.0 6 2 2 0 4 0 99 67 66 30 30 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.25 0.258 2.251 1.097
16 James Shields 2010-05-25 TBR BOS L 0-2 GS-8 ,L 8.0 4 2 2 2 5 0 107 74 69 30 28 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.25 0.139 2.386 .858
17 Ervin Santana 2010-05-25 LAA TOR W 8-3 CG 9 ,W 9.0 4 3 3 1 10 3 116 82 76 33 32 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.00 0.182 1.934 .425
18 Ryan Dempster 2010-05-25 CHC LAD W 3-0 GS-8 ,W 8.0 3 0 0 1 7 0 104 64 82 28 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.589 4.305 1.075
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/31/2010.

4. Runs scored by pitchers: 11 (in 10 games)

Rk Player Date Tm Opp Rslt PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI BB SO
1 Clayton Kershaw 2010-05-30 LAD COL W 4-3 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 Sam LeCure 2010-05-28 CIN HOU W 15-6 3 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Derek Lowe 2010-05-28 ATL PIT W 7-3 3 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 1 0
4 Matt Cain 2010-05-28 SFG ARI W 5-0 4 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
5 Nate Robertson 2010-05-26 FLA ATL L 3-7 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
6 Chad Billingsley 2010-05-26 LAD CHC W 8-5 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
7 Kenshin Kawakami 2010-05-25 ATL FLA L 4-6 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
8 Raul Valdes 2010-05-25 NYM PHI W 8-0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0
9 Todd Wellemeyer 2010-05-25 SFG WSN W 4-2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 Aaron Harang 2010-05-24 CIN PIT W 7-5 3 3 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/31/2010.

5.Strikeouts by Tim Lincecum (5) Josh Johnson (6) Dan Haren (6) and Yovani Gallardo (7): 24

Here are the winners:

1	Arom24	9
2T	Josh W	11
2T	Johnny Twisto	11
4	elkboy	12
5	Omer_h	13
6	djsperr	16
7T	jacket1515	17
7T	TPRaider	17
9	FrankM	21
10T	KomA	23
10T	abeboparebop	23

And according to the points system I chose, here is the leaderboard after Week 1:

1	Arom24	10
2T	Josh W 7
2T	Johnny Twisto 7
4	elkboy	4
5	Omer_h	4
6	djsperr	4
7T	jacket1515	2
7T	TPRaider	2
9	FrankM	2
10T	KomA	2
10T	abeboparebop	2

Congrats to Arom24. We will be contacting you for your 6-month Play Index subscription!

7 Comments | Posted in Stat Challenge

Scherzer’s 14 Strikeouts

Posted by Raphy on May 30, 2010

Max Scherzer's 14 strikeouts in 5-2/3 innings today was quite a feat. As Alex DiFilippo of mlb.com points out, Scherzer became the first pitcher in the PI era (1920-1939,1952-2010) to post 14 strikeouts while throwing less than 6 innings. Here the leaders before today:

Rk Player Date Tm Opp Rslt App,Dec IP H R ER BB SO HR Pit Str GSc IR IS BF AB 2B 3B IBB HBP SH SF GDP SB CS PO BK WP ERA WPA RE24 aLI
1 Kevin Appier 1994-05-25 KCR TEX W 8-3 GS-6 ,W 5.2 4 1 1 3 13 1 110 71 67 26 23 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.59 0.230 2.243 .858
2 Joba Chamberlain 2009-05-05 NYY BOS L 3-7 GS-6 ,L 5.2 6 4 4 2 12 1 108 65 51 25 22 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 6.35 -0.103 -0.955 .792
3 Cole Hamels 2006-07-24 PHI ATL L 8-10 GS-6 ,L 5.1 6 7 7 2 12 3 106 69 38 24 22 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11.81 -0.255 -3.902 .733
4 Curt Schilling 1997-06-28 PHI ATL L 1-9 GS-6 ,L 5.2 8 7 7 4 12 4 113 67 33 28 23 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 11.12 -0.258 -4.098 .462
5 J.R. Richard 1978-06-09 HOU STL W 11-7 GS-6 ,W 5.1 5 5 5 6 12 0 44 27 21 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.44 -0.482 -3.848 1.387
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/30/2010.

There are 19 others with 11, so I'm cutting the list off there.

It would follow that Scherzer had the fewest IP of any pitcher in those years to strikeout at least 14 batters. Here are the runners up:

Rk Player Date Tm Opp Rslt App,Dec IP H R ER BB SO HR Pit Str GSc IR IS BF AB 2B 3B IBB HBP SH SF GDP SB CS PO BK WP ERA WPA RE24 aLI
1 Kelvim Escobar 2007-06-12 LAA CIN L 3-5 GS-6 6.0 5 3 3 1 14 0 116 78 63 26 24 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 4.50 -0.006 0.282 1.292
2 A.J. Burnett 2005-07-06 FLA MIL W 5-4 GS-6 6.0 4 4 4 5 14 0 125 74 57 27 22 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 6.00 -0.199 -1.141 .859
3 Randy Johnson 2001-06-03 ARI SDP W 8-4 GS-6 ,W 6.0 7 4 3 0 14 1 106 72 58 27 26 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4.50 0.008 -0.591 1.117
4 Kerry Wood 2001-04-27 CHC SFG W 7-3 GS-6 ,W 6.0 2 3 3 3 14 1 112 66 67 24 20 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.50 0.101 -0.067 1.040
5 Nolan Ryan 1989-07-25 TEX TOR L 0-4 GS-6 ,L 6.0 6 3 2 3 14 0 132 80 61 31 28 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 1 3.00 -0.066 -0.668 .914
6 Sam McDowell 1966-09-18 CLE DET W 6-5 GS-6 6.0 7 1 1 2 14 0 66 25 23 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1.50 0.174 1.677 .960
7 Randy Johnson 2001-09-27 ARI MIL W 13-11 GS-7 ,W 6.2 7 5 5 2 16 1 126 81 54 30 28 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 6.75 0.124 1.157 .416
8 Ron Guidry 1987-07-11 NYY CHW L 2-5 GS-7 6.2 7 2 2 3 14 2 63 30 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 2.70 0.108 1.010 1.207
9 Denny McLain 1965-06-15 DET BOS W 6-5 1-7 6.2 6 2 2 2 14 0 2 0 28 26 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 2.70 -0.020 1.537 .605
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/30/2010.

Another way to look at Scherzer's strikeout total is to look at his rate of SO per IP. Scherzer struck out over 2.47  batters per IP. Prior to today (1920-1939,1952-2010) , the most innings thrown by a pitcher with a SO:IP ratio over 2.47 was 3.

Rk Player Date Tm Opp Rslt App,Dec IP H R ER BB SO HR Pit Str GSc IR IS BF AB 2B 3B IBB HBP SH SF GDP SB CS PO BK WP ERA WPA RE24 aLI
1 Rich Harden 2009-04-15 CHC COL L 2-5 GS-3 ,L 3.0 5 4 4 4 8 1 92 53 37 17 13 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12.00 -0.226 -2.386 1.058
2 Bruce Chen 2000-07-26 PHI CHC L 9-14 GS-3 3.0 5 4 4 3 8 1 73 43 38 17 14 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12.00 -0.221 -2.319 .989
3 Ron Davis 1981-05-04 NYY CAL W 4-2 7-9f ,S 3.0 0 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 9 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.237 1.362 1.067
4 John Hiller 1977-09-09 (2) DET BOS L 6-8 6-8f 3.0 4 2 2 1 8 0 0 0 14 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.00 -0.075 -0.282 .819
5 Rich Gossage 1977-05-19 PIT LAD W 6-5 8-10f,W 3.0 1 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 11 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.381 1.497 2.035
6 Terry Forster 1974-04-24 CHW MIL W 7-2 7-9f ,S 3.0 1 0 0 1 8 0 1 0 11 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.129 1.785 .673
7 Dick Radatz 1965-06-05 BOS KCA W 5-3 9-11f,W 3.0 2 0 0 1 8 0 0 0 12 11 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.324 1.302 2.244
8 Ryne Duren 1959-06-26 NYY CHW W 8-4 7-9f ,S 3.0 1 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 11 10 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.076 1.450 .601
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/30/2010.

What then, were the highest SO rates for pitchers who threw more than 5 innings? Click on SO/IP to sort the list.

Rk Player Date Tm Opp Rslt App,Dec SO/IP IP H R ER BB SO HR Pit Str GSc IR IS BF AB 2B 3B IBB HBP SH SF GDP SB CS PO BK WP ERA WPA RE24 aLI
1 Jake Peavy 2007-04-25 SDP ARI L 2-3 GS-7 2.286 7.0 2 0 0 3 16 0 117 75 86 25 22 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.474 3.938 1.028
2 Jake Peavy 2006-05-22 SDP ATL L 1-3 GS-7 ,L 2.286 7.0 3 2 2 1 16 1 114 74 78 25 24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2.57 0.067 1.437 .670
3 Randy Johnson 2001-08-23 ARI PIT L 1-5 GS-7 ,L 2.286 7.0 5 4 4 2 16 1 115 78 65 28 26 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 5.14 -0.003 -0.210 .885
4 Randy Johnson 2001-07-18 ARI SDP W 3-0 3-9f ,W 2.286 7.0 1 0 0 1 16 0 109 68 0 0 23 22 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.416 3.343 .926
5 Randy Johnson 2001-09-27 ARI MIL W 13-11 GS-7 ,W 2.400 6.2 7 5 5 2 16 1 126 81 54 30 28 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 6.75 0.124 1.157 .416
6 Kelvim Escobar 2007-06-12 LAA CIN L 3-5 GS-6 2.333 6.0 5 3 3 1 14 0 116 78 63 26 24 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 4.50 -0.006 0.282 1.292
7 A.J. Burnett 2005-07-06 FLA MIL W 5-4 GS-6 2.333 6.0 4 4 4 5 14 0 125 74 57 27 22 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 6.00 -0.199 -1.141 .859
8 Randy Johnson 2001-06-03 ARI SDP W 8-4 GS-6 ,W 2.333 7 4 3 0 14 1 106 72 58 27 26 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4.50 0.008 -0.591 1.117
9 Kerry Wood 2001-04-27 CHC SFG W 7-3 GS-6 ,W 2.333 6.0 2 3 3 3 14 1 112 66 67 24 20 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.50 0.101 -0.067 1.040
10 Nolan Ryan 1989-07-25 TEX TOR L 0-4 GS-6 ,L 2.333 6.0 6 3 2 3 14 0 132 80 61 31 28 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 1 3.00 -0.066 -0.668 .914
11 Sam McDowell 1966-09-18 CLE DET W 6-5 GS-6 2.333 6.0 7 1 1 2 14 0 66 25 23 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1.50 0.174 1.677 .960
12 Kevin Appier 1994-05-25 KCR TEX W 8-3 GS-6 ,W 2.294 5.2 4 1 1 3 13 1 110 71 67 26 23 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.59 0.230 2.243 .858
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/30/2010.

Scherzer dethrones Randy Johnson who struck out 16 in 6-2/3 innings in September of 2001. Remarkably, in the list above, Randy has a game from four consecutive months of 2001!

15 Comments | Posted in Game Finders

Which teams have 30 wins?

Posted by Andy on May 30, 2010

Are you paying attention? Which 4 teams in baseball have at least 30 wins right now?

7 Comments | Posted in Uncategorized

Three homers for Pujols

Posted by Andy on May 30, 2010

Albert Pujols just hit his 3rd homer of the game today.

That's his 4th career 3-HR game. Here are the first three:

Rk Date Tm Opp Rslt PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI BB IBB SO HBP SH SF ROE GDP SB CS WPA RE24 aLI BOP Pos. Summary
1 2006-09-03 STL PIT W 6-3 4 4 3 3 0 0 3 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.316 4.166 .533 3 1B
2 2006-04-16 STL CIN W 8-7 5 4 4 3 0 0 3 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.987 2.565 1.918 3 1B
3 2004-07-20 STL CHC W 11-8 5 5 4 5 1 0 3 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.596 5.000 1.286 3 1B
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/30/2010.

Here are active leaders in 3-HR games:

Rk Player #Matching PA AB H 2B 3B HR RBI BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS SH SF IBB HBP GDP
2 Carlos Delgado 5 Ind. Games 23 22 16 0 0 16 21 1 3 .727 .739 2.909 3.648 0 0 0 0 0
7 Mark Teixeira 3 Ind. Games 16 15 10 0 0 9 16 0 1 .667 .625 2.467 3.092 0 1 0 0 1
8 Alfonso Soriano 3 Ind. Games 16 15 12 1 0 9 13 1 0 .800 .813 2.667 3.479 0 0 1 0 0
9 Alex Rodriguez 3 Ind. Games 15 14 11 0 0 9 21 1 2 .786 .800 2.714 3.514 0 0 0 0 0
10 Aramis Ramirez 3 Ind. Games 13 12 10 1 0 9 14 1 1 .833 .846 3.167 4.013 0 0 0 0 0
11 Albert Pujols 3 Ind. Games 14 13 11 1 0 9 15 1 0 .846 .857 3.000 3.857 0 0 0 0 0
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/30/2010.

Yeah I'm counting Delago as active. If he's not, then Pujols is the leader with 4.

9 Comments | Posted in Game Finders

Roy Halladay’s perfect game

Posted by Andy on May 30, 2010

Well as you must know by now, Roy Halladay pitched a perfect game yesterday. This game goes right to the top of his list of best game scores:

Rk Date Tm Opp Rslt App,Dec IP H R ER BB SO HR Pit Str GSc IR IS BF AB 2B 3B IBB HBP SH SF GDP SB CS PO BK WP ERA WPA RE24 aLI
1 2010-05-29 PHI FLA W 1-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 11 0 115 72 98 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.842 4.570 1.226
2 2005-05-29 TOR MIN W 4-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 2 0 0 0 10 0 99 72 93 30 29 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.564 4.843 .930
3 2009-09-04 TOR NYY W 6-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 1 0 0 3 9 0 111 73 91 31 28 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.323 4.732 .577
4 2001-10-05 (1) TOR CLE W 5-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 2 0 0 0 8 0 83 60 91 29 29 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.285 5.034 .415
5 2008-07-11 TOR NYY W 5-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 2 0 0 1 8 0 113 76 90 31 28 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0.00 0.442 4.702 .760
6 2003-09-06 TOR DET W 1-0 SHO10 ,W 10.0 3 0 0 1 5 0 99 70 90 35 33 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.883 5.670 1.431
7 2005-04-29 TOR NYY W 2-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 3 0 0 1 9 0 115 75 89 32 30 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.630 4.661 1.124
8 1998-09-27 TOR DET W 2-1 CG 9 ,W 9.0 1 1 1 0 8 1 94 72 89 29 29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.00 0.626 4.093 .988
9 2002-06-07 TOR COL W 8-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 2 0 0 0 4 0 106 73 87 31 29 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.221 5.093 .310
10 2010-05-01 PHI NYM W 10-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 3 0 0 1 6 0 118 88 86 32 29 2 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.237 4.570 .594
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/30/2010.

For the years that we have box scores, there have been just 117 games with a game score as high as 98. Here are the instances in the last 20 seasons (i.e. since 1991):

Rk Player Date Tm Opp Rslt App,Dec IP H R ER BB SO HR Pit Str GSc IR IS BF AB 2B 3B IBB HBP SH SF GDP SB CS PO BK WP ERA WPA RE24 aLI
1 Kerry Wood 1998-05-06 CHC HOU W 2-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 1 0 0 0 20 0 122 84 105 29 27 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0.00 0.673 4.742 1.070
2 Nolan Ryan 1991-05-01 TEX TOR W 3-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 2 16 0 122 83 101 29 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.408 4.399 .616
3 Randy Johnson 2004-05-18 ARI ATL W 2-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 13 0 117 87 100 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.670 4.721 .964
4 Curt Schilling 2002-04-07 ARI MIL W 2-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 1 0 0 2 17 0 127 85 100 29 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0.00 0.705 4.369 1.181
5 Hideo Nomo 2001-05-25 BOS TOR W 4-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 1 0 0 0 14 0 117 77 99 28 27 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.629 5.034 .976
6 Roger Clemens 1998-08-25 TOR KCR W 3-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 3 0 0 0 18 0 130 89 99 30 30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.574 5.093 .898
7 Bobby Witt 1994-06-23 OAK KCR W 4-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 1 0 0 0 14 0 120 83 99 28 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.457 4.802 .690
8 David Cone 1991-10-06 NYM PHI W 7-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 3 0 0 1 19 0 141 94 99 31 30 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.214 4.077 .430
9 Roy Halladay 2010-05-29 PHI FLA W 1-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 11 0 115 72 98 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.842 4.570 1.226
10 Jonathan Sanchez 2009-07-10 SFG SDP W 8-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 11 0 110 77 98 28 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.00 0.224 4.661 .305
11 Erik Bedard 2007-07-07 BAL TEX W 3-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 2 0 0 0 15 0 109 79 98 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.617 5.004 .966
12 Mike Mussina 2001-09-02 NYY BOS W 1-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 1 0 0 0 13 0 116 85 98 28 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.798 5.034 1.218
13 Pedro Martinez 2000-08-29 BOS TBD W 8-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 1 0 0 0 13 0 110 71 98 29 28 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.387 5.331 .588
14 Mike Mussina 2000-08-01 BAL MIN W 10-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 1 0 0 2 15 0 125 85 98 32 30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.293 5.113 .383
15 Pedro Martinez 2000-05-12 BOS BAL W 9-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 2 0 0 0 15 0 113 77 98 29 29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.361 5.113 .639
16 Eric Milton 1999-09-11 MIN ANA W 7-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 2 13 0 122 78 98 28 26 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0.00 0.275 5.469 .425
17 Pedro Martinez 1999-09-10 BOS NYY W 3-1 CG 9 ,W 9.0 1 1 1 0 17 1 120 80 98 28 27 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1.00 0.625 4.202 1.006
18 David Wells 1998-05-17 NYY MIN W 4-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 11 0 120 79 98 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.477 4.944 .676
19 Kevin Millwood 1998-04-14 ATL PIT W 6-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 1 0 0 0 13 0 131 93 98 29 28 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.339 4.601 .569
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/30/2010.

As one would expect, these games are all low-hit, high-strikeout games, just like Halladay's perfecto from last night.

Here are the 14 perfect games we can find within the box score years we have available:

Rk Player Date Tm Opp Rslt App,Dec IP H R ER BB BR SO HR Pit Str GSc IR IS BF AB 2B 3B IBB HBP SH SF ROE GDP SB CS PO BK WP ERA WPA RE24 aLI
1 Roy Halladay 2010-05-29 PHI FLA W 1-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 11 0 115 72 98 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.842 4.570 1.226
2 Dallas Braden 2010-05-09 OAK TBR W 4-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 109 77 93 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.360 4.783 .514
3 Mark Buehrle 2009-07-23 CHW TBR W 5-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 116 76 93 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.288 5.083 .404
4 Randy Johnson 2004-05-18 ARI ATL W 2-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 117 87 100 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.670 4.721 .964
5 David Cone 1999-07-18 NYY MON W 6-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 88 68 97 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.259 5.202 .363
6 David Wells 1998-05-17 NYY MIN W 4-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 11 0 120 79 98 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.477 4.944 .676
7 Kenny Rogers 1994-07-28 TEX CAL W 4-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 8 0 98 64 95 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.362 5.271 .503
8 Dennis Martinez 1991-07-28 MON LAD W 2-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 96 66 92 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.574 4.036 .866
9 Tom Browning 1988-09-16 CIN LAD W 1-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 100 72 94 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.694 4.016 1.050
10 Mike Witt 1984-09-30 CAL TEX W 1-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 97 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.812 4.581 1.181
11 Len Barker 1981-05-15 CLE TOR W 3-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 11 0 98 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.477 4.087 .717
12 Catfish Hunter 1968-05-08 OAK MIN W 4-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 11 0 98 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.489 3.209 .793
13 Sandy Koufax 1965-09-09 LAD CHC W 1-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 113 79 101 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.674 3.749 1.043
14 Jim Bunning 1964-06-21 (1) PHI NYM W 6-0 SHO9 ,W 9.0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 97 27 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.295 3.917 .449
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/30/2010.

You can see the full list of perfect games right here.

Johnny Twisto emailed me with an interesting thought, which was to calculate the statistical unlikelihood of having 3 perfect games in the last couple of seasons and 11 in the last 30 seasons after the first 9 took so many more years. He points out that one needs to correct for the total number of games played at various times.

Anybody have thoughts on that? My guess is that the event itself is still so rare that the results don't carry much statistical significance.

However, I will share some more generalized thoughts about this feat. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, we saw a bunch of no-hitters in baseball during what seemed to be a mini-low-offense era. I remember as fan at that time thinking about how much more common no-hitters were than players hitting for the cycle. Then when the Steroids Era came along, players starting hitting for the cycle a lot more often and no-hitters took a back seat. I think the fact that we've had 3 perfect games in less than a year might be yet another sign that we're well into another low-offense era.

23 Comments | Posted in Game Finders

Miguel Cabrera’s 3 HR in a loss

Posted by Andy on May 29, 2010

Yesterday Miguel Cabrera hit 3 HR in a game that the Tigers lost. Below is the list of all times this has been done. The most famous is Bob Horner's FOUR HR game that the Braves lost.

12 Comments | Posted in Game Finders

Non-pitchers pitching

Posted by Andy on May 29, 2010

Yesterday was an unusual day in MLB. Lots of interesting things happened, but one particular oddity was two different games that featured non-pitchers pitching:

Of course, this wasn't the first time this season that two different non-pitchers pitched on the same day. In this game, both Felipe Lopez and Joe Mather pitched for the Cardinals in the same game against the totally awesome Mets.

6 Comments | Posted in Box Scores

Card of the Week: 1982 Donruss #74 Carl Yastrzemski

Posted by Andy on May 29, 2010

(I grabbed these scans from checkoutmycards.com but this post was inspired by Night Owl Cards.)

I am not a fan of this 1982 Donruss set but a lot of folks are. Like many sets by Topps from the 1970s and early 1980s, this set include some childish baseball imagery, specifically the baseball and bat that run across the bottom of each card. Of course, what I dislike is exactly what many other folks like.

There are some things I like about this set, though:

  • the prominent and retro Donruss logo (well, retro by today's standards)
  • the equally prominent year of '82, making it easy for kids to identify the set of origin
  • big photos that occupy most of the card with some border color variations, but the colors don't dominate the overall appearance of the card

Greg of Night Owl Cards made a lot of interesting observations about the photo used on this card. Click the link above to read it, but the summary is that the photo was probably taken in 1978. Greg used numerous clues about Yaz' uniform, including the pullover jersey, red helmet, and striped socks. Neat stuff.

There are a few other things I like about this specific photo:

  • Yaz is bunting. How cool is that?
  • He's got only one glove on. I can't find any other pictures of Yaz where he's got only one glove on.
  • Check out the people in the stands in the background. Still have any doubts that the photo was taken in the 1970s?

When I think about Yastrzemski's career, one of the first things that always comes to mind is his league-leading .301 batting average in 1968, a year of very low offense.

Here is that season for Yaz:

Year G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS OPS+ TB
1968 157 664 539 90 162 32 2 23 74 119 90 .301 .426 .495 .922 170 267
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Original Table
Generated 5/28/2010.

He led the league in walks, BA, OBP, OPS, and OPS+.

Now 170 is a huge value for OPS+. To understand how this stat works, just look at Joe Mauer's stats from last year:

Rk Player PA OPS+ G AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS
1 Joe Mauer 606 170 138 523 94 191 30 1 28 96 76 63 .365 .444 .587 1.031
Provided by Baseball-Reference.com: View Play Index Tool Used
Generated 5/28/2010.

Mauer is the only player to have an OPS+ of 170 in 2009. Whereas the 170 OPS+ was good for a .301 BA for Yaz in 1968, Mauer had to hit .365 to earn it last year. Yaz's raw OPS was .922 for a 170 OPS+ but Mauer's was 1.031.

This clearly illustrates why OPS+ is such a good stat. It bridges the gap across different seasons and conditions to demonstrate just how much above or below average a player was. Kids today who look at Yaz's BA in 1968 and see that .301 don't necessarily realize just how impressive it was that year. They just think he hit a lot less than Mauer did last year. Strictly this is true, but the real meaning goes beyond the raw numbers.

I'm looking for posts on card blogs to feature on the Card of the Week segment on the B-R blog. If you are an author or a fan of another card blog, please email me a link to the post you'd like me to consider. Ideally the post would include scans of the front and back of the card and contain some interesting or otherwise entertaining commentary.

My email address:

13 Comments | Posted in Card of the Week

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